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The Dominican Republic is a small country off Central America. It occupies two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola that lies in the Caribbean Sea. The smaller parcel of the island is occupied by Haiti.

The island was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, and named it La Hispaniola, in honor of the Kingdom of Spain. Essentially, the island became the first European settlement in this part of the world. By 1697, the Spanish administrators of the island shared half of the island of Hispaniola with the French and eventually acknowledged French control over the area now known as Haiti.

The Spanish-occupied territory, Santo Domingo, declared independence from Spain in 1821, but was conquered by Haiti a little later. The occupation lasted for more than two decades, and when independence was finally attained, Santo Domingo was renamed as the Dominican Republic. The early years of the Dominican Independence was dominated by a long period of economic and political turmoil and equality. This was highlighted with the presidency of Joaquin Balaguer which began in 1966 and ended in 1996. Since then, however, the economy of the country has steadily progressed.

The Dominican Republic is classified as an upper middle income economy and the second most developed country in Central America. The nations is widely acclaimed for its advanced communication and transportation problems, although electricity remains a decades-old problem that plagues most of the population.

GDP per capita. Ranked 84th in 2012.

Dominican Republic ranks highly for:

14th forCrime Violent crime Intentional homicide rate

16th forCrime Murders Per 100,000 people

21st forCrime Violent crime Murder rate per million people

21st forCrime Violent crime Murders per million people

22nd forMilitary Navy Aircraft carriers

23th forAgriculture Produce Banana Production

23th forCrime Believes crime increasing in the past 3 years

24th forEducation Pupil-teacher ratio, secondary

2nd last forHealth Births and maternity Average age of mother at childbirth

13th last forEnergy Oil Production Per capita

13th last forCrime Drugs Annual cannabis use

17th last forCrime Kidnappings

17th last forCrime Suicide rates Suicide rate (both sexes)

19th last forCost of living Clothing and shoe prices Shoes Pair of Nikes

19th last forEducation Government spending on education Proportion of GDP

21st last forCrime Fear of crime Feels safe walking alone At night

26th last forAgriculture Produce Banana Production

31st last forCost of living Real estate prices Rent per month 3 bedroom apartment City centre

Interesting observations about Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic ranked first for sex ratio total population amongst Former Spanish colonies in 2013.

Dominican Republic ranked 5th last for death rate amongst Christian countries in 2013.

Dominican Republic ranked 5 for cereal yield kg per hectare amongst Hot countries in 2008.

Dominican Republic ranked 12 for population amongst Latin America and Caribbean in 2013.

The Dominican Republic is a small country off Central America. It occupies two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola that lies in the Caribbean Sea. The smaller parcel of the island is occupied by Haiti.

The island was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, and named it La Hispaniola, in honor of the Kingdom of Spain. Essentially, the island became the first European settlement in this part of the world. By 1697, the Spanish administrators of the island shared half of the island of Hispaniola with the French and eventually acknowledged French control over the area now known as Haiti.

The Spanish-occupied territory, Santo Domingo, declared independence from Spain in 1821, but was conquered by Haiti a little later. The occupation lasted for more than two decades, and when independence was finally attained, Santo Domingo was renamed as the Dominican Republic. The early years of the Dominican Independence was dominated by a long period of economic and political turmoil and equality. This was highlighted with the presidency of Joaquin Balaguer which began in 1966 and ended in 1996. Since then, however, the economy of the country has steadily progressed.

The Dominican Republic is classified as an upper middle income economy and the second most developed country in Central America. The nations is widely acclaimed for its advanced communication and transportation problems, although electricity remains a decades-old problem that plagues most of the population.

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