More on 3D Coins and an Illegal DIY ProductioMethod The Doming Block

Love it or hate it, the U.S. Mintsforthcoming 3D coinseems to be capturing peoples imaginations. And while we previously looked at the cool production methods behind making coinshereandhere, reader Dan pointed out that we were remiss in not mentioningDon Everhart, the U.S. Mint Sculptor responsible for turning Cassie McDonalds baseball design into reality:

Numismatic websiteCoin Newshas a feature up on Everhart, where you can see shots of him sculpting as well as the CNC mill they use to cut the steel blanks.

As for the rest of us who dont have access to such technology, there are DIY ways to make domed coins: Hobbyists and tinkerers use something called a doming block to hammer coins into sweet bowl shapes. Check out how the woman behind theEpbot Geekery, Girliness, & Goofing Off blogturned these pennies into buttons:

A jewelry-making blog called Rings & Things provides more details in theirHow to dap and dome metal jewelryarticle, where they show you this sweet necklace made from a Canadian penny:

This guybanged quarters into domes to pimp his yo-yo designs:

AndInstructables user Seadraggin runs down, step by step, how he turns quarters into snap buttons:

Its on that last Instructables comments section that a party-pooper points out the illegality (at least in the U.S.) of all this DIY fun:

Defacement of currency is a violation of Title 18, Section 333 of the United States Code. Under this provision, currency defacement is generally defined as follows: Whoever mutilates, cuts, disfigures, perforates, unites or cements together, or does any other thing to any bank bill, draft, note, or other evidence of debt issued by any national banking association, Federal Reserve Bank, or Federal Reserve System, with intent to render such item(s) unfit to be reissued, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

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Rain Noe is a writer and industrial designer based in New York City.

The statute you cite only applies to bank notes (paper money). The Federal Reserve issues banknotes while the US Mint issues coins.

I know this story is a year old, but I have to tell you that making jewelry out of coins is not illegal in the USA. It is only illegal if you change the coin and then try to market it as a coin. I called the Philadelphia mint and talked to a woman who said that also applies to paper money….

But they dont want you melting down pennies and selling the copper and zinc because those raw materials are worth more than the pennies are worth.

Typical government: create something that costs more to make than it is worth, then write a law to prevent people from capitalizing on the fiscal irresponsibility.

What Joe said: Otherwise all the machines that squish your pennies into ovals with whatever kind of landmark youre visiting stamped into it would be equally guilty.

Fear not, crafty DIYers. The statement about the illegality as stated pertains to paper currency. There are Federal laws regarding the defacing of coins for the purposes of fraud, however there are exemptions for the use of coins in art. From e-how:

Federal statue 18 USC 331 states that [w]hoever fraudulently alters, defaces, mutilates, impairs, diminishes, falsifies, scales, or lightens any of the coins coined at the mints of the United States … shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. The key word in this statute is fraudulently. To sustain a criminal prosecution for defacing a coin, the prosecutor must prove an intent to defraud. An example of defacing with the intent to defraud is removing precious metal from a coin or changing the denomination of a coin.

The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) contains an obscure set of rules regarding nickels and pennies. Code 31 CFR 82.1 states, Except as specifically authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury (or designee) or as otherwise provided in this part, no person shall export, melt, or treat: (a) Any 5-cent coin of the United States; or (b) Any 1-cent coin of the United States. However, the next section, 31 CFR 82.2, specifically allows that the prohibition contained in Â82.1 against the treatment of 5-cent coins and 1-cent coins shall not apply to the treatment of these coins for educational, amusement, novelty, jewelry, and similar purposes as long as … the treatment makes it clear that such treatment is not intended as a means by which to profit solely from the value of the metal content of the coins. Read together, the defacement of coins for artistic and entertainment is not illegal as long as the intent is clear and the consumer is not misled.

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A Visit to Jungshi Handmade Paper Factory in Bhutan

We travel far and wide to bring you insights into the latest developments in manufacturing techniques. This time, we trekked all the way into the Himalayas to bring you one of the most ancient ones, relying only on local production, manual labor and artisan skill. Alongside Bhutans internationally applauded concept…

Update: A response from Eastman Chemical Company, with whom Core77 has had a working relationship in the past, has been appended to the entry. Read it below.Troubleperhaps big troublein the world of plastics.It looks like the widespread discontinuation of products containing bisphenol-A (BPA) may have precipitated the adoption of another…

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Doming block – definition of Domg blocky The Free Dictionary

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To go below the surface of water or another liquid:

We watched the leaky inner tube slowly sink.

To descend to the bottom of a body of water or other liquid:

To fall or drop to a lower level, especially to go down slowly or in stages:

The water in the lake sank several feet during the long, dry summer.

Cracks developed as the building sank.

To appear to move downward, as the sun or moon in setting.

The road sinks as it approaches the stream.

To fall or lower oneself slowly, as from weakness or fatigue:

The exhausted runner sank to the ground.

To feel great disappointment or discouragement:

The claws sank into the flesh of the prey.

To pass into a specified condition:

To deteriorate in quality or condition:

The patient is sinking fast. The family sank into a state of disgrace.

To become weaker, quieter, or less forceful:

To make an impression; become felt or understood:

To cause to descend beneath the surface or to the bottom of a liquid:

He sank his sword into the dragons belly.

To dig or drill (a mine or well) in the earth.

To propel (a ball or shot) into a hole, basket, or pocket.

To make weaker, quieter, or less forceful:

She sank her voice when the manager walked by.

The bad news will sink markets around the world.

The scandal has sunk him in the eyes of many.

To bring to a low or ruined state; defeat or destroy:

Loss of advertising sank the newspaper.

He sank his arrogance and apologized.

To invest or spend, often without getting a return or adequate value:

Ive sunk a lot of money into that car.

A water basin fixed to a wall or floor and having a drainpipe and generally a piped supply of water.

A natural or artificial means of absorbing or removing a substance or a form of energy from a system.

A place regarded as wicked and corrupt:

To undertake an endeavor energetically:

She sank her teeth into the challenging project.

To fail or succeed without alternative.

a feeling in the stomach caused by hunger or uneasiness

– a descent as through liquid (especially through water); they still talk about the sinking of the Titanic

settlingsubsidingsubsidence- a gradual sinking to a lower level

immersionsubmergencesubmergingsubmersion- sinking until covered completely with water

founderinggoing under- (of a ship) sinking

– a slow fall or decline (as for lack of strength); after several hours of sinking an unexpected rally rescued the market; he could not control the sinking of his legs

decreaselesseningdrop-off- a change downward; there was a decrease in his temperature as the fever subsided; there was a sharp drop-off in sales

– a feeling caused by uneasiness or apprehension; with a sinking heart; a sinking feeling in the pit of my stomach

anxiety- a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune

[sk]

that sinking feelingesasensacindeansiedadordesazn

with a sinkingheartentristecido3.(Fin)a sinking pound/dollarunalibra/unC.CPDsinking fundN(Fin) fondomdeamortizacinsinking[sk]n[ship] naufragem

the sinking of the Titanic lenaufragedu Titanicadj

a sinking feeling unserrementde cur

to get that sinking feeling avoir le curserrsinking fundn(FINANCE)fondsmpldamortissementsink unitnbloc-viermsinkingn (of ship)Untergangm; (deliberately) Versenkungf;(of shaft)Senkennt, Abteufennt (spec);(of well)Bohrenntadj(Fin)currencyfallend;asinkingship(lit, fig)ein sinkendesSchiff;with (a)sinkingheartschweren Herzens;he realized with asinkingheart that das Herzwurdeihmschwer, als ermerkte, dass ;sinkingfeeling(im Magen)(inf);I got a horriblesinkingfeeling when I realized miranders, als icherkanntesinking[sk]1.n(shipwreck) naufragio2.adjaorthat sinking feelingunastrettaallostomaco

I have a sinking feeling that things have gone wrong ho ilche lecosesiano andatemale

with sinking heart con lamortenelcuore

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Welcome to Powerchords privacy policy

Powerchord respects your privacy and is committed to protecting personal data.

This privacy policy (together with our end-user licence agreement (EULA) located at any additional terms of use incorporated by reference into the EULA, together our Terms of Use) applies to your use of:

PEEX mobile application software (App), once you have downloaded or streamed a copy of the App onto your mobile telephone or handheld device (Device).

Any of the services accessible through the App (Services) that are available on the App or our website (Services Site), unless the EULA states that a separate privacy policy applies to a particular Service, in which case that privacy policy only applies.

This privacy policy sets out the basis on which any personal data we collect from you, or that you provide to us, will be processed by us.

It is important that you read this privacy policy together with any other privacy notice or fair processing notice we may provide on specific occasions when we are collecting or processing personal data about you so that you are fully aware of how and why we are using your data. This privacy policy supplements other notices and is not intended to override them.

Our App, Services and Site are not intended for children and we do not knowingly collect data relating to children

Powerchord Group Limited is the controller and responsible for your personal data (collectively referred to as Powerchord, we, us or our in this privacy policy.

Personal data, or personal information, means any information about an individual from which that person can be identified. It does not include data where the identity has been removed (anonymous data).

We may collect, use, store and transfer different kinds of personal data about you which we have grouped together as follows:

includes first name, last name, username or similar identifier, marital status, title, and gender.

includes billing address, delivery address, email address and telephone numbers.

includes bank account and payment card details.

includes details about payments to and from you and other details of products and services you have purchased from us.

includes internet protocol (IP) address, your login data, browser type and version, time zone setting and location, browser plug-in types and versions, operating system and platform, and other technology on the devices you use to access the App and Service Site. This will include unique application numbers: when you install or uninstall a Service containing a unique application number or when such a Service searches for automatic updates, that number and information about your installation, for example, the type of operating system.

includes your username and password, purchases or orders made by you, your interests, preferences, and feedback.

includes information about how you use our website, products and services.

includes your preferences in receiving marketing from us and our third parties and your communication preferences.

We also collect, use and shareAggregated Datasuch as statistical or demographic data for any purpose. Aggregated Data could be derived from your personal data but is not considered personal data in law as this data will not directly or indirectly reveal your identity. For example, we may aggregate your Usage Data to calculate the percentage of users accessing a specific website feature. However, if we combine or connect Aggregated Data with your personal data so that it can directly or indirectly identify you, we treat the combined data as personal data which will be used in accordance with this privacy policy.

We do not collect anySpecial Categories of Personal Dataabout you (such as details about your race or ethnicity, religious or philosophical beliefs, sex life, sexual orientation, political opinions, trade union membership, information about your health, and genetic and biometric data). Nor do we collect any information about criminal convictions and offences.

We use different methods to collect and process your data including through:

Information you give us (Submitted information):

You may give us your Identity, Contact, Profile and Financial Data by completing forms or corresponding with us. This includes personal data you provide when you:

Subscribe to marketing on our Service Site;

Complete a contact form on the Service Site;

Information we collect from automated technologies or interactions.

Each time you visit the Services Site or use our App and as you interact with both we will automatically collect Technical Data about your equipment, browsing actions and patterns. We collect this personal data by using cookies, server logs and other similar technologies. Please see our [COOKIE POLICY] for further details. We will also collect Profile stored on your device and Usage Data when you interact with our App and Services Sits.

Information we receive from other sources (Third Party or Publicly Available Information).

We are working closely with third parties (including, for example, business partners, sub-contractors in technical, payment and delivery services, advertising networks, analytics providers, search information providers, credit reference agencies) from whom we will receive personal data about you including:

Technical Data from the following parties: (a) analytics providers such as Google based outside the EU; and (b) mobile operating systems such as iOS and Android based outside the EU; and

Identity, Contact, Financial, Profile and Transaction Data from e-commerce partners such Luzern based inside the EU.

Identity, Financial and Contact Data from publicly available sources such as Companies House and the Electoral Register based inside the EU.

We use cookies to distinguish you from other users of the App, Appstore or the Service Site. This helps us to provide you with a good experience when you use the App or browse the Services Site and also allows us to improve the App and Services Site.

You can control the use of cookies at the individual browser level, but if you choose to disable cookies, it may limit your use of certain features or functions of our Service.

We will only use your personal data when the law allows us to. Most commonly, we will use your personal data in the following circumstances:

Where we need to perform the contract we are about to enter into or have entered into with you.

Where it is necessary for our legitimate interests (or those of a third party) and your interests and fundamental rights do not override those interests.

Where we need to comply with a legal obligation.

Generally, we do not rely on consent as a legal basis for processing your personal data although where we do require consent we will ask for that separately and clearly, and you have the right to withdraw consent at any time by contacting us.

Purposes for which we will use your personal data

We have set out below, in a table format, a description of all the ways we plan to use your personal data, and which of the legal bases we rely on to do so. We have also identified what our legitimate interests are where appropriate.

Note that we may process your personal data for more than one lawful ground depending on the specific purpose for which we are using your data. Please contact us if you need details about the specific legal ground we are relying on to process your personal data where more than one ground has been set out in the table below.

Lawful basis for processing including basis of legitimate interest

To process and deliver your order including:

(a) Manage payments, fees and charges

(b) Collect and recover money owed to us

(a) Performance of a contract with you

(b) Necessary for our legitimate interests (to recover debts due to us)

To manage our relationship with you which will include:

(a) Notifying you about changes to our terms or privacy policy

(a) Performance of a contract with you

(b) Necessary to comply with a legal obligation

(c) Necessary for our legitimate interests (to keep our records updated and to study how customers use our products/services)

To administer and protect our business and our App or Service Site (including troubleshooting, data analysis, security, testing, system maintenance, support, reporting and hosting of data)

(a) Necessary for our legitimate interests (for running our business, provision of administration and IT services, network security, to prevent fraud and in the context of a business reorganisation or group restructuring exercise)

(b) Necessary to comply with a legal obligation

To deliver relevant content to you and measure or understand the effectiveness of that content

Necessary for our legitimate interests (to study how customers use our App and Service Site, to develop them, to grow our business and to inform our marketing strategy)

To use data analytics to improve and personalise our App and Service Site, marketing, customer relationships and experiences

Necessary for our legitimate interests (to define types of customers for our App and Service Sites, to keep our App and Service Site updated and relevant, to develop our business and to inform our marketing strategy)

To make suggestions and recommendations to you about products or services that may be of interest to you. To facilitate product, software and applications development, conducting research, analysis, studies or surveys and identifying usage trends.

Necessary for our legitimate interests (to develop our Apps, Service Site and grow our business)

We strive to provide you with choices regarding certain personal data uses, particularly around marketing and advertising.

We may use your Identity, Contact, Technical, Usage and Profile Data to form a view on what we think you may want or need, or what may be of interest to you. This is how we decide which products, services and offers may be relevant for you (we call this marketing).

You will receive marketing communications from us if you have requested information from us or purchased products or services from us and you have not opted out of receiving that marketing.

We will get your express opt-in consent before we share your personal data with any third party for marketing purposes.

You can ask us or third parties to stop sending you marketing messages at any time by contacting us.

Where you opt out of receiving these marketing messages, this will not apply to personal data provided to us as a result of [a product/service purchase, warranty registration, product/service experience or other transactions].

We may share your personal data with the parties set out below for the purposes set out in the table above.

Service providers acting as processors based both inside and outside the EU who provide IT, e-commerce, payment and system administration services.

Professional advisers acting as processors or controllers including lawyers, accountants, bankers, auditors and insurers based in the United Kingdom who provide consultancy, banking, legal, insurance and accounting services.

HM Revenue & Customs, regulators and other authorities acting as processors or joint controllers based [in the United Kingdom.

The data that We collect from you may be transferred to, and stored at, a destination outside the European Economic Area (EEA). It may also be processed by staff operating outside the EEA who work for us or for one of our suppliers. These staff may be engaged in the fulfilment of your request, order or reservation, the processing of your payment details and the provision of support services.

We will only transfer your personal data to countries that have been deemed to provide an adequate level of protection for personal data by the European Commission.

Where we use certain service providers, we may use specific contracts approved by the European Commission which give personal data the same protection it has in Europe.

Where we use providers based in the US, we may transfer data to them if they are part of the Privacy Shield which requires them to provide similar protection to personal data shared between Europe and the US. For further details, see European Commission: EU-US Privacy Shield.

Please contact us if you want further information on the specific mechanism used by us when transferring your personal data out of the EEA.

We have put in place appropriate security measures to prevent your personal data from being accidentally lost, used or accessed in an unauthorised way, altered or disclosed. In addition, we limit access to your personal data to those employees, agents, contractors and other third parties who have a business need to know. They will only process your personal data on our instructions and they are subject to a duty of confidentiality.

All information you provide to us is stored on secure servers using cloud infrastructure provided by Microsoft Azure. Any payment transactions carried out by our chosen third-party provider of payment processing services will be encrypted using Secured Sockets Layer technology. Where We have given you (or where you have chosen) a password that enables you to access certain parts of the Services Site, you are responsible for keeping this password confidential. We ask you not to share a password with anyone.

Unfortunately, the transmission of information via the internet is not completely secure. Although We will do our best to protect your personal data, We cannot guarantee the security of your data transmitted to the Services Site; any transmission is at your own risk. Once We have received your information, We will use strict procedures and security features to try to prevent unauthorised access.

We have put in place procedures to deal with any suspected personal data breach and will notify you and any applicable regulator of a breach where we are legally required to do so.

We will only retain your personal data for as long as reasonably necessary to fulfil the purposes we collected it for, including for the purposes of satisfying any legal, regulatory, tax, accounting or reporting requirements. We may retain your personal data for a longer period in the event of a complaint or if we reasonably believe there is a prospect of litigation in respect to our relationship with you.

To determine the appropriate retention period for personal data, we consider the amount, nature and sensitivity of the personal data, the potential risk of harm from unauthorised use or disclosure of your personal data, the purposes for which we process your personal data and whether we can achieve those purposes through other means, and the applicable legal, regulatory, tax, accounting or other requirements.

Details of retention periods for different aspects of your personal data are available in our retention policy which you can request from us by contacting us.

Request access to your personal data

(commonly known as a data subject access request). This enables you to receive a copy of the personal data we hold about you and to check that we are lawfully processing it.

Request correction of the personal data

that we hold about you. This enables you to have any incomplete or inaccurate data we hold about you corrected, though we may need to verify the accuracy of the new data you provide to us.

Request erasure of your personal data.

This enables you to ask us to delete or remove personal data where there is no good reason for us continuing to process it. You also have the right to ask us to delete or remove your personal data where you have successfully exercised your right to object to processing (see below), where we may have processed your information unlawfully or where we are required to erase your personal data to comply with local law. Note, however, that we may not always be able to comply with your request of erasure for specific legal reasons which will be notified to you, if applicable, at the time of your request.

Object to processing of your personal data

where we are relying on a legitimate interest (or those of a third party) and there is something about your particular situation which makes you want to object to processing on this ground as you feel it impacts on your fundamental rights and freedoms. You also have the right to object where we are processing your personal data for direct marketing purposes. In some cases, we may demonstrate that we have compelling legitimate grounds to process your information which override your rights and freedoms.

Request restriction of processing of your personal data.

This enables you to ask us to suspend the processing of your personal data in the following scenarios:

If you want us to establish the datas accuracy.

Where our use of the data is unlawful but you do not want us to erase it.

Where you need us to hold the data even if we no longer require it as you need it to establish, exercise or defend legal claims.

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The International Harbour Masters Association

The aim of the IHMA is to unite those responsible for the safe, secure, efficient and environmentally sound conduct of marine operations in port waters into one professional body to further the objectives of IHMA.

Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.

The International Harbour Masters Association is the professional body for those with responsibility for the safe, secure, efficient and environmentally sound conduct of marine operations in port waters.

With members in more than 50 countries, the Association brings together Harbour Masters and all those who hold a managerial position in aspects of the control of marine operations within a port.

On 7 August the Unifeeder Group, the largest pan-European feeder and shortsea operator, announced from Aarhus, Denmark, the signing of agreed acquisition by DP World.

At the end of July IMO reported that Mauritius had become the 15th  signatory* to the Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct the instrument developed and adopted by countries in the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden.

Join the worlds premier professional body for harbour masters. As an IHMA member, you will receive access to:

The IHMA forum – join the discussion

Details of your fellow members, including their contact coordinates

IHMA has Non-governmental international Organization Consultative status at IMO

As a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.

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Copyright 2018 International Harbour Masters Association

Join the worlds premier professional body for harbour masters and receive up-to-date information on the industry and access to the members area of the website.

Become a sponsor of the IHMA today and reap the benefits for your business:

Instant access to your services and products for your existing and potential customers

Access to the key decision makers on marine operations in Ports the Harbour Master

The opportunity to showcase your services and products at an international congress every two years

Be a part of the future of a vibrant, respected, professional and influential maritime organisation…IHMA

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OMC International (OMC) is a specialist company providing consulting services and operational systems to the international maritime industry.

How and with who will the ship of the future communicate?

This is the question that industry, ship owners and managers, ports, nautical service providers, university and research projects will seek to answer in this biennial EHMC seminar.  The day will include live demonstrations of industry products and a visit by boat within the Port of Gothenburg that will also take us around the harbour area.

The Swedish shipping industry has recently been labelled a role model for the global shipping community because of the work being done to reduce emissions.  The Port of Gothenburg is not only Swedens, but moreover Scandinavias most important gateway for goods, cruise and passengers.  The hinterland includes three capital cities – Oslo, Copenhagen and Stockholm and almost 3o per cent of Swedish foreign trade passes through the port.

For further details please contact the EHMC Secretary, romers.

The 2017 seminar was a first in the history of our Committee, as it was held in the Moroccan port of Tanger Med. This was a consequence of the previous seminar in 2015, which was held in Marseille and where we reached out to our North African colleagues who are Harbour Masters, Port Captains and their deputies.

Tanger Med has built a leading hub port on the south shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. Beginning service in July 2007, the Tanger Med port is now operating amongst the worlds leading ports.

Le program complt du jeudi et vendredi 11 et 12 mai, sminaire EHMC, Tanger Med

The full program for the Thursday and Friday 11 and 12 May 2017, EHMC seminar, Tanger Med

On the occasion of the 2015 seminar in Marseille, we reached out to our North African colleagues who are Harbour Masters, Port Captains and their deputies.

Le sminaire biennale de l EHMC est un vnement sur deux jours qui permet aux Commandants des port Europens de se rencontrer pour se connaitre et changer sur des sujets dintrt commun.

le Marin, lhebdomadaire de lconomie maritime

Le gigantisme cause commune des commandants de ports europens

lAntenne, les transports au quotidien

Presentation; Grand Port Maritime de Marseille –

Improve weather forecasts, more accurate navigation positioning, use of tugs, information to masters, improve experience

Presentation; The container ship market in 2015

Ultra-large box vessels: scaling effects in the container trade

senior analyst liner shipping and ports,

Laccueil dans le port des grands Porte-Conteneurs

Presentation; pilotage Marseille Fos

Piloter les plus grands navires dans le port en toute scurit avec deux pilotes et la mise en œuvre du PPU

Presentation; Bigger container vessels; more P&I claims?

Replies from; the ships side, statistics, lessons learned & port installations

Theme; Port expansion, challenges and opportunities

Improving weather and wind forecasts in ports

Text version; Improving weather and wind forecasts in ports

Presentation; The Mariners Handbook

What is the maximum draught that can fit into the port?

Full program EHMC seminar, in English

The full program of the seminar, 28 May, and the technical visit on 29 May

Programme complte du sminaire EHMC, en Francais

Le programme complte du sminaire le 28 mai et de la visite du port et cocktail le 29 mai

Presentation brochure Marseille Fos; Global Port & Multi-Activities

Adapting to changes; ships using LNG as fuel, reporting through a Single Window

Andreas Mai has hosted a triple E-event in which one day knew the EHMC seminar, a second day was dedicated to the Green Efforts project and a third day to an ESPO MAS meeting. The EHMC Seminar was about;

For LNG marine fuelling and bunkering there is without doubt a very fast growing interest; studies by class societies even show a parallel in the development of LNG as a fuel with the changeover to oil as a fuel some 100 years ago (see for documentsunder the heading LNG). One may easily loose the overview these days of all developments, feasibility studies and political demands.

The implementation of the EU Reporting Directive in June 2015

Same applies to the implementation of the reporting directive that can be viewed as a compulsory introduction of electronic communication in the European maritime world.

LNG Infrastructure Development in European ports

LNG as a fuel for ships, Activities in the ports of Bremen

Bjela König, Port Development Bremenports

Bjela König, Port Development Bremenports

Simultaneous LNG bunkering and passenger operations

Capt. Henrik Cars, Harbour Master Port of Stockholm

LNGissues to be considered by Harbour Masters

IT in ports -supporting business processes – since the 70s

Directive on reporting formalities, implementation in Germany

Uwe Kraft, deputy harbour master Bremen/Bremerhaven

Data collection and reporting esp. for smaller companies

Please find here the full program for the EHMC seminar on 17 April 2013.

The participants that registered for the EHMC seminar on 17 April so far.

EHMC seminar and Bremen events April 2013

Flyer with all information about the events, venues, hotel and travel. Digital version.

The Safe Port; information and education

When and how can Harbour Masters consult the SafeSeaNet system?

UK Certificate of Competency for Harbour Masters

Bachelor and Master degree for ex-seafarers aiming at a higher university degree

EHMC and the ESPO Maritime Affairs & Security Committee

EHMC film on Safe Mooring the Missing Link, improving the mooring process

IHMA Nautical Port Information Project

How do we improve IHMAs professional standing, members involvement and members benefits

The IHMA constitution sets out the establishment of a region of the IHMA, the committee role and authority, its formation and management.

On 7 August the Unifeeder Group, the largest pan-European feeder and shortsea operator, announced from Aarhus, Denmark, the signing of agreed acquisition by DP World.FIND OUT MORE

At the end of July IMO reported that Mauritius had become the 15th  signatory* to the Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct the instrument developed andFIND OUT MORE

The Unifeeder Group becomes part of the DP World Group

On 7 August the Unifeeder Group, the largest pan-European feeder and shortsea operator, announced from Aarhus, Denmark, the signing of agreed acquisition by DP World.

At the end of July IMO reported that Mauritius had become the 15th  signatory* to the Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct the instrument developed and adopted by countries in the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden.

Vesuviuss big daddy supervolcano Campi Flegrei near Naples threatenEurope

Two thousand years ago Mount Vesuvius destroyed Pompeii. Today, a larger, far more deadly supervolcano lurks on the other side of Naples. If it erupts, Campi Flegrei could wipe out all life in Europe. So why are British scientists battling the Italians for the right to poke at it with drilling rods?

The Campi Flegrei caldera is a supervolcano. While a new eruption here would be more likely to result in the creation of another Vesuvius-like cone, the worst-case scenario could see it obliterating much of life in Europe

It begins with a swarm of 1,000 small earthquakes that ripple under the pavements of Naples. Air-conditioning units fall from the sides of buildings and tiles slip from the walls. Inside the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanologys control centre, a bank of screens indicates that the quakes arent being generated by the giant Mount Vesuvius, which looms over the city.

These quakes are coming from something far bigger, from one of the largest and most dangerous volcanoes in the world: the Campi Flegrei caldera. Vesuvius, which destroyed the Roman city of Pompeii, incinerating and suffocating thousands, is nothing more than a pimple on the back of the sleeping dragon of Campi Flegrei, an active four-mile-wide sunken volcano. A call is quickly put through to Civil Defence and the Italian Ministry of the Interior: the city must be evacuated immediately.

A short distance away, the ground around the ancient town of Pozzuoli is stretching, swelling, doming. Fumaroles vents emitting columns of steam rich in CO2 open up in the broken Tarmac. Four-and-a-half miles below the surface a bolt of magma has escaped the main reservoir and is rising upwards, changing and solidifying. As it reaches groundwater, its converted into a sponge-like stone. As the water boils away it feeds critical amounts of gas into the sponge, and the pressure builds until finally it explodes like a malfunctioning boiler.

The view across the Gulf of Pozzuoli – much of the Camp Flegrei supervolcano lies beneath the sea here

Hundreds of billions of cubic feet of volcanic rock blasts up into the atmosphere: an explosion 200 times greater than that of the Icelandic Eyjafjallajökull volcano, which brought chaos to Europe, grounded planes in the UK for a week and is said to have cost the world economy in excess of 3 billion.

Back on the streets of Naples, its too late to run. Bumper-to-bumper traffic comes to a halt as drivers grind on their horns. They watch helplessly as a boiling black cloud of hot gas and rock rolls over the horizon at hurricane speed, suffocating everything in its path. In this area inhabited by millions, built in one of the most dangerous volcanic regions on earth, all life is over.

The Campi Flegrei caldera is a supervolcano. Although theres no picture-postcard volcanic cone, hidden beneath the seemingly placid landscape lies a volcano of immense power. While a new eruption here would be more likely to result in the creation of another Vesuvius-like cone, the worst-case scenario could see it obliterating much of life in Europe.

In this eventuality the Earths surface would swell and crack and a series of small eruptions would cause the four-mile-wide caldera floor to collapse into the larger magma reservoir, which would in turn push more magma to the surface.

The last time the ground gave way like this, 39,000 years ago when the caldera was formed, it created the cliffs that the postcard town of Sorrento stands on now volcanic deposits over 300ft deep. If the same kind of eruption happened today, this part of Italy could cease to exist, and the ash clouds would blot out the Sun and lower the Earths temperature. Life in the UK as we know it would end. We would lose our livestock, crops and three-quarters of our plant species, plunging us into a new dark age of rioting, starvation and perpetual winter.

Now an international team, including scientists from the UK, wants to drill down inside the caldera to try to better understand exactly why part of it has risen 10ft since 1969. The area at the epicentre of the swelling has seen whole streets of houses crumble and collapse. The threat is imminent. The last time the ground rose like this (between 1430 and 1538) there was an eruption that caused the formation of a new volcano.

Geophysicist Renato Somma at an abandoned building destroyed by sulphurous deposits from the caldera

Key to the operation is British volcanologist Chris Kilburn, from University College London, who lived in Naples for 20 years. Hes part of a long tradition of UK volcanology, which stretches back to the grand tour of the 18th century, when Sir William Hamilton provided some of the first scientific observations of Vesuvius. The UCL group are now world leaders in rock physics especially in understanding how the Earths crust deforms and breaks which makes Kilburn a vital member of the drilling team.

Right now we may well be in another period of uplift, he says. If it occurs as before, we might expect another 60 years worth of unrest, and possible earthquakes and eruptions, with two or three more episodes and uplift to occur in the next ten years. We have to presume we have a few more decades of unrest, and if this is going to be the case, then we have to get more data about the volcano now.

Kilburn and the other scientists work may well be crucial if the people of Naples and the rest of Europe are to avoid another Pompeii scenario. Yet despite the urgency, the mayor of Naples has just dramatically halted the project. Drilling was to begin this month on the site of the old Bagnoli steel mill, on the eastern part of the caldera, but was stopped following the very public objections of a sole local scientist, who has warned that the drilling itself could actually trigger an explosion that could destroy the city.

The people of Naples seem to be damned if they do and damned if they dont, but is it really possible that one simple drill hole could cause an eruption that could end life as we know it in Europe?

Renato Somma, of the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology in Naples, pushes the Fiat through the gears as we wind our way through the grounds of a hotel and health club built on the side of the Solfatara crater. Once fashionable, the hotel was used by U.S. Naval officers until a rise in the ground of 6ft led to an earthquake that damaged the base, and saw the U.S. Navy relocate 20 miles away from Naples.

The road runs out, and Somma stops the car beside an abandoned earthquake-damaged building. To our right the hill continues upwards. To our left is a five-a-side football pitch and the valley below. The only curious thing is the colossal plume of steam energetically billowing upwards from behind the pitch. We walk alongside the ground and duck under a loose section of wire fence, watching the steam as it swirls in the wind.

The area where scientists want to drill towards the magma

Suddenly the Tarmac ends and yellow and white volcanic stone cracks underfoot like stale bread. A few steps further and we hit a wall of sulphur, which rolls over us in invisible waves, collecting in our throats and turning our stomachs.

Where once there was green hillside theres now an atrophic scar of sponge-like volcanic rock. At the lowest point of the scar gurgles an inhospitable pool of boiling muddy water, where bubbles of gas rise to the surface and pop like blisters. Somewhere below, magma and water are meeting and making CO2, which filters through the sponge and prevents any kind of plant or animal life from living here.

I tell Somma Im disappointed theres no lava: you see a volcano, you want lava its like a Martini without the olive. He laughs.

This is even more dangerous than the lava flow, he says. Below here we have a risk of hydromagmatic eruption when the magma and water meet you have a more explosive pressure than with magma alone.

Theoretically, if Campi Flegrei explodes, much of the vibrant metropolis of Naples could look like this one day. Somma points out that the site is well monitored, the data fed back to the institutes control centre in Naples. Infrared cameras surround the larger Solfatara crater behind us, while gauges measure the levels of CO2. If these shoot up, and the seismic monitors are detecting earthquake swarms, its probably time to start thinking about putting the kids in the car.

OK, says Somma, youve seen this; now youll see what the locals call the monster. You have to see the monster before you go to the control room!

We trek back to the earthquake-damaged building beside the car. It turns out to be an abandoned indoor swimming pool. Somma is excited: Since the earthquake the monster has grown inside the house!

Hes right. There is a monster. Its as if hell has crept up through the foundations, pushing aside heavy stone floor tiles, bleeding through holes in the walls. Urchins of luminous green sulphur, muted moss-coloured sponges and blooms of red, green and cobalt blue are digesting the building. The sulphurous steam pouring from the hot rock below has deposited a mineral coral and left the air inside dead and sauna-like. Sparrows, which came in here to roost, lie dead on the ground from CO2 poisoning.

Water gushing from a fumarole in the caldera

Giuseppe De Natale, the softly spoken volcanologist leading the drilling project, walks along the bank of 60 LCD screens and explains that each one displays a feed from sensors around Campi Flegrei and beyond.

Tidal gauges measure the true level of the seabed in the Golfo di Pozzuoli; seismographs measure the heartbeats of the volcanoes, picking up any quakes. The line on one of the monitors trembles up and down; these are relatively shallow quakes. If a serious seismic event were to occur, it would be De Natales job to crunch the data and advise the Italian Ministry of the Interior on whether to evacuate the city.

There is always a possibility of further eruptions in our lifetime, says De Natale.

The problem is that Neapolitan people are conscious of Vesuvius, but few of those who live in this area know about the caldera, or that all of this land is volcanic. Vesuvius is small compared to the caldera, and in my opinion the caldera presents a greater risk. Vesuvius is surrounded by a lot of people, but has nowhere near the population density of Naples.

The monitoring activity at the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology

De Natales plan is to drill to a depth of two-and-a-half miles using a team from the International Continental Scientific Drilling Programme (ICDP) and their InnovaRig, a state-of-the-art semi-automatic modular rig that can switch drill heads mid-flow to read temperatures and take core samples and gas readings, before switching back to a plain old rotary drill head to continue the job of boring down through rock. Drilling no deeper than two-and-a-half miles will put the drill head around two miles above the magma reservoir.

This far down, the rock is no longer heated by water (which doesnt exist as a liquid at this depth), but solely by the magma. Measuring the rocks residual temperature will therefore give the scientists a better idea of the depth and size of the vast magma reservoir below.

De Natale explains that there are four major benefits to drilling, all of which will help the people of Naples avoid a similar fate to that of the unfortunate people of Pompeii.

First, it will greatly improve scientists knowledge of what has happened here in the past, and of the eruptive history of the caldera. Second, they hope it will help them to solve the riddle of what has caused the doming and uplift around Pozzuoli is it pressure from magma and water, or is it expanding rock?

Third, by drilling down they will be able to measure the temperature of this expanding rock and place sensors to obtain a three-dimensional view of the Earths crust.

Finally, it will enable them to remove samples of the rock for testing at a state-of-the-art UK facility. If the doming begins again in earnest they will need to know more about the properties of this rock and how it might behave under different kinds of stress: cracking or subsidence can lead to eruptions.

Soil and rock samples will be flown to University College London, where Chris Kilburn will go to work providing data for new computer models that will recreate the conditions in which the caldera was formed, and should help to predict eruptions.

Calderas have the potential for large-volume eruptions, so its convenient that we understand the relationship between the caldera, the magma and the crust in between, he says.

Campi Flegrei is also flat. And most of the eruptions occur somewhere within a four-mile area. You dont know if its going to be the left side, the right side, the north or the south.

Short-term precursors, like swarms of seismicity or deformations in the crust, may only happen a few days before the eruption, and even then we cant tell whereabouts the eruption is going to occur. This is why dealing with a caldera is one level of complication greater than dealing with a volcano, where the cone is above ground, simply because we have much less of an idea where the magma is likely to come out.

The only thing standing between the 25-strong team of scientists from the ICDP and the pilot hole they need to drill are the complaints of a solitary scientist, geochemist Benedetto De Vivo. Though his arguments arent well supported by the wider scientific community, De Vivo maintains that even a 1,700ft-deep pilot hole could wipe out Naples, and his fears of catastrophe have been widely publicised in the Italian press. Fearing a public backlash, the mayor of Naples has delayed the start of drilling on the site in Bagnoli pending further technical reports.

I ask De Vivo if he really thinks the drilling would cause an eruption. The drilling could cause an explosion not an eruption caused by the supercritical fluids, and could trigger small-magnitude earthquakes. This has already happened in other similar projects in other parts of the world.

Drilling triggered an eruption of a mud volcano, Lusi, in Indonesia, says Dr Dougal Jerram of Durham University. It was very similar to what happened in the Gulf of Mexico over-pressurised material was drilled through, which caused an eruption of that material at the surface. It was hot mud and water, which is a different kind of thing. The difference is that if you drill into molten rock, it doesnt necessarily come to the surface.

If you look at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland, they have GPS instruments recording all around the volcano. Prior to the eruption those instruments moved specifically to suggest swelling in the shallow parts of the crust which was this magma getting close to the surface, building up and it erupted some time later. Obviously in examples like Campi Flegrei, prior to an eruption of a moderate size, you would see signals on the ground to indicate a kind of swelling.

In the recent past Campi Flegrei has had periods of subsidence and bulging would you go and drill very close to it or drill into it? Probably not. But if the system is very stable, like at the Solfatara, its quite clear that its actively de-gassing. Youve got fumaroles at the surface and you have pressure being released. If you release the pressure in a carbonated drinks bottle, when you shake it up and try and get it to explode again, it doesnt do so quite as violently.

Uli Harms, head of scientific drilling at the ICDP in Potsdam, helped design the state-of-the-art drill that would be used for the second stage of drilling in Bagnoli. Harms once drilled into an unexpected pocket of magma during a project in Iceland in 2009. Far from creating a new volcano, the magma simply came into contact with the drill mud and turned into glass. He says that magma will no more run up a drill hole than water will run up a straw when you place it in a glass of water.

The hole has a tiny diameter, and is pressurised with a kind of mud that lubricates the drill head. It is not an open hole, nor can it be widened to make a volcanic conduit or something like that.

But people have to be clear that the risk in Naples is not the drilling; the real risks are the two volcanoes themselves, Vesuvius and the caldera. They really do pose much more danger.

De Natale is adamant that now we have the technology to help us understand volcano activity, we should use it: the drilling should go ahead.

I live in Naples myself, he says, and like most people here could not imagine having to abandon this land. But we have to be aware of the danger lurking beneath our feet.

The people of Pompeii never had that luxury.

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FIFA 18 is the most realistic football game of all time…

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Assassins Creed Origins: Go back to ancient Egypt in one of 2017s best games

SPONSORED. The main Assassins Creed franchise may have taken a year off, but its back in a big way in 2017.

Slick, smart and smutty: South Park The Fractured But Whole is the perfect sequel

South Park: The Fractured But Whole is slick, smart and smutty, staying true to the satirical nature of the TV show and improving on every aspect of the game

Fresh, polished and masterfully crafted: Horizon Zero Dawn is perfect

Horizon Zero Dawn is a fresh, masterfully crafted and astoundingly detailed open world adventure with some of the most polished and fully-realized action the genre has ever seen

Quantum Break is broken: Xbox Ones time travel epic disappoints

Quantum Break may have some impressive visuals and some big ambitious ideas, but weak gameplay mechanics cause it to fall short of the mark

Rise of the Tomb Raider: Designer Mike Brinker reveals how he made Lara Croft a multi faceted character

Rise of the Tomb Raider Interview: Lead designer Mike Brinker highlights importance of multi-faceted protagonists

Sarri, Emery and Co arrive suited and booted for southern Premier League managers meeting

Chelsea need more firepower, Tottenham desperate for new blood and United fixing up the defence: The problems facing the top sides ahead of the big Premier League kick off (and what they can do before Thursday)

CCTV footage of Ben Stokes brawling with two men before he takes off shirt to cushion head of floored rival is shown in court as injuries of England cricketer and opponent are revealed

Transfer news LIVE: All the latest from the Premier League and Europe as Paul Pogba pushes for Barcelona move

Anthony Joshua doesnt want to fight Deontay Wilder: Lennox Lewis accuses AJ of avoiding blockbuster clash with WBC champion

Cristiano Ronaldo urges former Real Madrid team-mate Marcelo to join him at Juventus and continue their success

Leicester say they will NOT sell Harry Maguire to Manchester United despite being in the market for new defenders

Raiola is trying to get Pogba out of United just two years after pocketing 41m but how does the self-confessed extremist operate?

Ollie Pope will bat at No 4 on England debut against India as captain Joe Root labels him an exciting talent

Manchester United stars rock up for training… but wantaway Paul Pogba is driven in through different entrance as he tries to force Barcelona move

Harry Maguire and Toby Alderweireld are in Man Uniteds sights as Jose Mourinho targets a defensive stalwart… but which one should the Old Trafford club sign?

Chelsea pay 72m release clause for Athletic Bilbao goalkeeper Kepa Arrizabalaga as he prepares to fly to London to complete stunning move

Real Madrid to unveil Thibaut Courtois as new keeper on deadline day as Chelsea seal Kepa Arrizabalaga deal

Manchester United insist Paul Pogba is NOT for sale this summer and deny midfielder has asked for a pay rise amid strong interest from Barcelona

Wolves in talks with Oleksandr Zinchenko after agreeing 16m fee with Manchester City

I spoke to him when his Liverpool move fell through: Olivier Giroud reveals he and Eden Hazard tried to convince France team-mate Nabil Fekir to join Chelsea this summer

Kylian Mbappe, Presnel Kimpembe and Alphonse Areola greeted with tickertape and the national anthem as PSG welcome back World Cup winners

Manchester Uniteds summer signing Fred spotted out house-hunting ahead of Premier League debut on Friday

Chelsea flop Tiemoue Bakayoko set for AC Milan move with Mateo Kovacic on his way to Stamford Bridge

Everton increasingly confident of signing Chelseas Kurt Zouma on loan after talks with Yerry Mina stall

Olivier Giroud vows to fight for his Chelsea place as he reveals team-mates presented him and NGolo Kante with mock World Cup trophies

How the world-record goalkeeper transfer fee has increased, from Phil Parkes to Gianluigi Buffon, Alisson and now 72m Kepa Arrizabalaga

Sergej Milinkovic-Savic is worth MORE than Manchester Uniteds Paul Pogba because he is much stronger, claims Lazio president as he reveals they rejected a 99m offer last summer

Jorginho shows NGolo Kante how to play Sarri-ball by pointing where to run during friendly against Lyon as Frenchman makes Chelsea return

Paul Pogba tells Manchester United he is desperate to leave for Barcelona and has ALREADY agreed 350,000-a-week contract with La Liga giants

Jose Mourinho has shut down the belief of Manchester Uniteds players, says Rio Ferdinand: There is too much negativity coming out at the moment

Manchester United stars rock up for training… but wantaway Paul Pogba is driven in through different entrance as he tries to force Barcelona move

Arsenal will change from Puma to adidas in new 60m kit deal that doubles their money from 2019

Liverpool v Torino, Chelsea v Lyon RECAP: Relive the action as both sides continued to prepare for the new Premier League season

Kepa Arrizabalaga nearly joined Real Madrid but Zinedine Zidane blocked the move now he is set to be Chelseas new No 1

Chelsea 0-0 Lyon (5-4 on pens): Eden Hazard scores winning penalty as Rob Green stars in shootout after goalless draw in the International Champions Cup

Transfer news LIVE: All the latest from the Premier League and Europe as Paul Pogba pushes for Barcelona move

A proud club turns into a franchise: Stan Kroenkes Arsenal buy-out means tradition is kicked into touch

Former World Athletics Championships gold-medallist Nicholas Bett dies in car crash aged 28

Chelsea need more firepower, Tottenham desperate for new blood and United fixing up the defence: The problems facing the top sides ahead of the big Premier League kick off (and what they can do before Thursday)

Cristiano Ronaldo offered Real Madrid return as Juventus are invited to 2019 Bernabeu Trophy to honour his nine trophy-laden years in Spanish capital

Liverpool 3-1 Torino: Roberto Firmino, Gini Wijnaldum and Daniel Sturridge goals see Reds end pre-season in winning fashion after summer signing Fabinho misses early penalty

Wolves in talks with Oleksandr Zinchenko after agreeing 16m fee with Manchester City

Real Madrid to unveil Thibaut Courtois as new keeper on deadline day as Chelsea seal Kepa Arrizabalaga deal

Manchester Uniteds summer signing Fred spotted out house-hunting ahead of Premier League debut on Friday

Jorginho shows NGolo Kante how to play Sarri-ball by pointing where to run during friendly against Lyon as Frenchman makes Chelsea return

Chelsea pay 72m release clause for Athletic Bilbao goalkeeper Kepa Arrizabalaga as he prepares to fly to London to complete stunning move

Bayern Munich star Jerome Boateng tells Jose Mourinho he is no longer interested in Manchester United move

Arsenal takeover Q&A: Stan Kroenke set to assume full control after 600m offer to Alisher Usmanov so why are Gunners fans so concerned for the future at the Emirates Stadium?

From fearless sports moguls to history makers… Sportsmails breakdown of the growing American influence in the Premier League including Manchester United, Arsenal and Liverpool

Raiola is trying to get Pogba out of United just two years after pocketing 41m but how does the self-confessed extremist operate?

Jose Mourinho goes out for a bite to eat as he ponders who Manchester Uniteds next transfer will be ahead of deadline day on Thursday evening

Cristiano Ronaldo urges former Real Madrid team-mate Marcelo to join him at Juventus and continue their success

Naim Atom: The hifi that will change the way you listen to music

Its eye-wateringly expensive at $2,999, but Naims Uniti Atom is a revelation, an integrated amplifier than makes it easy to stream music at a quality youve probably never heard before.

Apples new iPhone X is a glimpse into the future

After a day with the iPhone X, while Face ID isnt perfect, and the notch is an annoyance, the iPhone X is a glimpse into the future of phones and the best handset of the market by a long way.

Shinola hopes to banish Beats with the best looking headphones around

They arent cheap, but Shinolas $595 foray into headphones are the perfect accessory for design obsessives looking to upgrade their listening habits.

The best Android handset out there: Google Pixel 2 review

With the Pixel XL, Google has created a handset that is not only the best Android device out there, but arguably matches the iPhone 8 in terms of design and feel.

Apple Watch Series 3: The smartwatch that liberates you from your phone

Apples Watch will free you from your phone – while making sure you dont suffer the fear of missing out. Its a huge step forward, and a compelling reason for the average user to buy a smartwatch.

iPhone 8: Why a lack of X appeal shouldnt put you off

While the iPhone X may have stolen the headlines, in fact the iPhone 8 could be the sleeper hit of Apples new range, offering the same power as the X but with features and a design users trust.

Is it really worth paying 280 for Nintendos Switch? MailOnlines verdict

While the design is impressive and easy to use, the game line up is disappointing.

The $1,000 wireless speaker that really IS worth the price: Naim Mu-so Qb review

Naims incredible Mu-So Qb takes you back to the good old days – where the music captivates and enthralls, rather that simply being something in the background.

The best all in one wireless speaker youll ever hear: Naim Mu-so review

It might not be a name familiar to the US market, but Naim is a legendary British brand hoping to make a splash with the American launch of its $1499 Mu:So speaker.

The hi-tech $2,000 spin bike that really could change your life

Pelotons hi-tech bike lets you stream live and on demand rides to your home – and its one of the best examples of fitness technology out there – at a price.

Imagine how upsetting it must be to be uprooted every few days: Fury as police tells residents to find empathy for 200 travellers who invaded their village just days after being moved six miles down road

Murdered midwifes body was found wrapped in a duvet cover in shallow grave with masking tape over her face and EYES, court hears – and cause of death may not be known for six months as experts analyse her neck

Saudi Arabia carries out a rare CRUCIFIXION on a Myanmar man accused of stabbing a woman to death in her home

Guys, why are you single?: Scientists reveal the 43 most common answers to explain why men struggle to find a girlfriend

From better sleep to a flatter stomach and a more sculpted face: The 32 (very) surprising results of spending ten-days on a high-fat, no carb diet

James Bulgers father and uncle win right to challenge killer Jon Venables life-long anonymity after he was twice jailed for child porn offences

Woman is left fighting for her life after horrific sex attack in childrens play area – as man is quizzed on suspicion of attempted murder

Chris Eubank pictured putting his OWN parking ticket on 160k custom Bentley during London shopping trip

Utterly pathetic amateur cricketer who cost young player, 23, his maiden century by throwing ball over the boundary is banned for nine matches for bringing game into disrepute

Why did BBC radio star leave in middle of show? Mystery as Vicki Archers co-host carries on her final show without her after she went off air unannounced – just hours before she was found dead

Mother rakes in 70,000-a-year from her home by selling cut price Louboutins to celebrity fans – and she only needs to work TWO HOURS a day to earn more than her husband

The 10 sex lies men tell: Expert Tracey Cox reveals how to tell a harmless flattering fib from a dangerous untruth that could put you at risk

Remainers stick the knife into Boris Johnson as they pile in to demand he apologise for comparing women wearing the burqa to letterboxes or face being kicked out of the Tories

Revealed: How smitten groom Prince Harry kept thanking Meghans makeup artist on their wedding day for making her look like herself

Croydon Cat Kille

Bellore Rashbel

GOLD FILLED RIBBON, GALLERY WIRE & PEARL WIRE

GOLD RIBBON, GALLERY WIRE & PEARL WIRE

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SILVER BEZEL CUPS, SETTINGS, BEZEL WIRE, SETTING STRIP

GOLD FILLED & GOLD PLATED BEZEL CUPS AND SETTINGS

Gold Filled & Gold Plated Decorative Oval Bezel Cups

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9K Gold Clasps, Padlocks, Ends, Bails

Gold Filled Cufflinks, Tie Bars, Pins

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Gold Filled Head Pins, Crimps, Crimp covers, Wire Protectors, Tags, etc.

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Silver Earrings, Scrolls, Studs, Posts & Accessories

Silver Open and Soldered Jump Rings, Split Rings

Silver Cufflinks, Tie Bars, Key Rings, Pins & Brooch Findings

Silver Links, Multi Strand Fittings & Separators

GOLD FILLED FINISHED & READY MADE JEWELLERY

SILVER FINISHED & READY MADE JEWELLERY

Finished Silver Bracelets & Bangles

BEADING & STRINGING MATERIALS, CORDS & LEATHERS

Artistic Copper Wire Antique Brass Colour

Artistic Wire Hematite Silver Plated

Artistic Wire Rose Gold Silver Plated

Artistic Wire Stainless Steel Colour

Artistic Wire Tarnish Resistant Brass

Artistic Wire Tarnish Resistant Silver

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Gold Filled Head Pins, Crimps, Crimp Covers, Wire Protectors, Tags etc.

Gold Head Pins, Crimps, Crimp Covers, Wire Protectors, Tags etc.

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Larvikite ( Norwegian Moonstone) Beads

GEMSTONES ROUGH, CABOCHON & FACETED

Barrelling Units, Compounds, Magnetic Polishers, Grinders

Clamps, Vices & Measuring Equipment & Scribers

Pendant Motors & Accessories, Polishing Wheels

Pendant Motors, Pendant Motor Parts & Stands

Polishing, Cleaning, Anti-Tarnish & Patina

Punches, Plates, Drawplates, Blocks & Sandbags

Disc cutters, Doming Blocks, Doming Punches & Anvils

Saw Frames, Saw Blades and Tweezers

Setting tools, Gravers & Burnishers

Wax & Wax Carving Tools & Equipment

NEW Finished & Ready Made Jewellery

Chain, Decorative wire, Gallery Strip

Tools and Jewellery making materials

Job Role Jewellery Website Administrator Bellore Rashbel Hatton Garden, London A full-time Website Administrator is required to join a busy and a vibrant team. We are a one-stop jewellery supply shop, selling raw materials, bullion, tools, semi-precious beads …

PANTONE® COLOR OF THE YEAR 2018 – ULTRA VIOLET

ANNOUNCING PANTONE 18-3838 ULTRA VIOLET, PANTONE®COLOR OF THE YEAR 2018 Pantone the word renowed authority on color has announced color of year 2018.A dramatically provocative and thoughtful purple shade, PANTONE 18-3838 Ultra Violet communicates originality, ingenuity, and visi…

BEADING & STRINGING MATERIALS, CORDS & LEATHERS

GEMSTONES ROUGH, CABOCHON & FACETED

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