How to Control Web Cookies and Boost Online Privacy

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How to Control Web Cookies and Boost Online Privacy

Dont like being tracked on the web? The right browser settings can help.

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Odds are that your computers browser is full of cookies, tiny files left behind as you go from website to website. Mine is. My personal machine has close to 5,000 cookies.

Some of the web cookies on your machine are used by big advertising companies looking to gather and store information about youwhat you shop for, which sites you visit, and so on. That can feel like a violation of your privacy and make you think you should dive in and delete them all.

But other cookies contain important information that makes your web experiences smoother. Which is why you really shouldntdive in and delete them all.

Privacy experts have been talking about cookies for years, but the subject remains confusing. It doesnt have to be. Managing cookies is a privacy maintenance task that everyone should understand, the digital equivalent of regularly changing your smoke detector batteries.

And Dec. 4, National Cookie Daywhich celebrates the baked kind, not the digital onesis a great time to take care of business. Its as easy as baking some Toll House chocolate chip treats, pouring yourself a glass of milk, and opening your browser preferences.

Note that managing cookies is just one component of protecting your privacy.

Companies may use non-cookie technologies to track you across websites, and clearingcookieswont address that, says Justin Brookman, privacy director for Consumers Union, the policy and mobilization division ofConsumer Reports. Butcookiesare still the most common way companies track you on the web.

Use the right settings and you can enhance your privacy while making sure websites still work the way they should.

A cookie is a little bit of data stored on your computer by a website thats related to your activity on the site, explains Selena Deckelmann, a director of engineering for the Firefox browser at Mozilla.

Cookies are simple files, notprograms, and they dont contain malware or anything that can damage your computer. Theyre also tinymany are just 3 to 10 kilobytesso theyre not occupying a significant amount of space on your hard drive.

Theyre small but powerful.Deckelmann was shopping for a sink recently. She went to a hardware retailers website, browsed various models, and then left to visit more sites. And she immediately started seeing ads for faucets, vanities, and other sink-related items.

Cookies help explain how that happened. A company can drop cookies across the web and get a decent sample of your browsing activity, says Casey Oppenheim, co-founder of the web security firm Disconnect.

When Deckelmann visited the retailers website, it deposited a number of cookies on her computer, in a location determined by her browser. Some of those cookiescalled first-party cookiescame from the domain that she saw in the URL at the top of the browser window, such as or m. (Well discuss third-party cookies below.)

The first-party cookies left by the retailer carried information such as an indication that she had logged in successfully. They may have recorded her location (to help the website display the right language and currency) and what she placed in her shopping cart.

But how does the website use that information?

Each time you go to a webpage, your browser sends out a request for the files needed to display the page. And along with that request goes a copy of every cookie that originated with that domain. The browser sends Amazon.com the cookies left by Amazon.com, while BestBuy.com gets the cookies left by BestBuy.com, and so on.

Lots of those cookies expire when you close the browser, but not all of them.

When Deckelmann came back to the site the next day or the next week, the browser sent back copies of the remaining cookies. Thats how the site seemed to know who she was, and what shed done during her last visit.

Without first-party cookies, websites would seem a lot stupider.

Weve only been talking about first-party cookies. But during Deckelmanns visit to the retail website, other companies may have deposited their own, third-party cookies.

How did that happen? Well, a webpage is made up of many files and little bits of code. Many of those bits and pieces come from the retailer itself. But other elements, such as ads and social media buttons, come from other companies.

A huge percentage of all the ads you see online are handled by DoubleClick, which is owned by Google, so lets use that company as an example. When you see an ad embedded in a webpage, theres a good chance its coming from the domain . And the advertisement may carry cookies along for the ride.

Next time you go to any site with elements originating on DoubleClick.net, your browser sends DoubleClick a copy of all its cookies. If you visit many websites that contain chunks of DoubleClick content, your browser supplies the company with a steady stream of cookies.

And remember, DoubleClick.net is just one example of the many domains that supply elements to webpages and leave cookies on users machines.

Thats why the entire internet seemed to know instantly that Deckelmann had been shopping for sinks.

As Oppenheim says, From a consumer perspective, theres a big difference between first-party cookies and third-party cookies.

One way to do that is by browsing in Private mode (for Safari or Firefox) or Incognito (for Chrome). Browsing this way doesnt keep your internet service provider or a web server from knowing what youre doing online, but it does keep cookies from working. And that can be illuminating.

Its showing you what its like to live in a world without cookies, Deckelmann says.

For instance, if you normally stay logged into Facebook, youll have to log in again if you visit using a Private window.

If I clear my cookies, it screws up my workflow, says Oppenheim. Having to sign in every time is a hassle.

Full disclosure: uses cookies, though the site doesnt accept advertising. You can learn more in theConsumer Reportsprivacy policy.

You may not mind third-party cookies. After all, you might like seeing ads for items youve been shopping for.

But, if you want to, you can block just third-party cookies and let through first-party cookies.That will reduce the number of companies collecting and storing information about you.

Deckelmann has a three-pronged plan for accomplishing this, just by using your browser settings. (Ad-blocking web extensionsalso accomplish this, along with other tasks; thats a discussion for another day.)

The first step is to make sure you have a record of all the passwords for sites that require a login. (Apassword managercan help with that.) Once youve done that, Deckelmann suggests going ahead and clearing all your cookies, as outlined below. Trying to delete cookies one at a time would take forever, and even experts cant tell with any certainty what each individual cookie does.

Its like your purse, Deckelmann says. Periodically you need to dump that thing out and start fresh.

The trade-off: Your web surfing experience will be a little choppy for the next few days as you re-enter passwords and update other settings.

Heres how to clear cookies in three popular browsers.

Chrome:Under the Chrome tab at the top left of your screen, click Clear browsing data. Check the box: Cookies and other site data. Then click the bar at the bottom right of the window that says Clear browsing data.

Firefox:Under the Firefox tab at the upper left of your screen, go to Preferences Privacy & Security Show Cookies Remove All.

Safari:Under the Safari tab at the upper right of your screen, go to Preferences Privacy Manage Website Data Remove All.

The final step is to instruct your browser to allow first-party cookies while blocking third-party cookies.

Chrome:Go to Preferences Privacy Content settings. Open the Cookies tab and select Block third-party cookies.

Firefox:Go to Preferences Privacy History. The default setting is Remember history. Change it to Use custom settings for history to reveal your cookies options.

For third-party cookies, you have three options: Always, Never, and From visited.

Safari:Apples browser features the same cookie compromiseAllow [cookies] from websites I visitwhich can be found at Preferences Privacy.

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Shopping links are provided by eBay Commerce Network and Amazon, which makes it easy to find the right product from a variety of online retailers. Clicking any of the links will take you to the retailers website to shop for this product. Please note that Consumer Reports collects fees from both eBay Commerce Network and Amazon for referring users. We use 100% of these fees to fund our testing programs.

I believe that technology has the power to change our livesfor better or for worse. Thats why Ive spent my life reporting and writing about it for outlets of all sorts, from newspapers (such as the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times) to magazines (Popular Mechanics and Rolling Stone) and even my own books (Newtons Football and Claptons Guitar). For me, theres no better way to spend a day than talking to a bunch of experts about an important subject and then writing a story thatll help others be smarter and better informed.

Updated Privacy and Cookies Policy

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This Privacy Policy describes the information that Keller and Heckman LLP collects through this website, and how we use, share, and protect the information collected. Your use of this website constitutes your agreement with this Privacy Policy. If you do not agree with this Privacy Policy, please do not use this website. Your use of this website is also subject to the separateTerms of Use.

We collect information voluntarily provided by you when you contact one of our professionals, practice groups, or marketing or administrative departments using an e-mail address provided on the website or in a publication available on the website. For example, we collect information when you:

Request information about the firm, our professionals, or services we offer;

Ask a question about a legal issue or area of interest;

Request more information about an event that we sponsor;

Inquire about a career opportunity;

Provide feedback or ask a question about the website.

The personal information we collect may include your first name, last name, mailing address, e-mail address, and phone number. We may also collect information that you provide about your background, experience, or particular areas of interest.

As a general matter, each time you visit this website, the hosting companys server collects basic technical information automatically, such as your IP address, browser typeandoperating system, referring domain, clickstream data (e.g., pages viewed, and time spent), and access times. We use this information in the aggregate to understand and analyze trends, administer the site, and gather demographic information about our users as a whole.

Some of the pages on this website use cookies, which are identifiers that a website places on a computers hard drive to facilitate the interaction between your device and the website. We and our analytics and advertising service providers may use cookies and other technologies to enhance the browsing experience, facilitate sharing of content with others, understand website usage, and improve the website. Most web browsers allow you to set preferences about cookies you wish to accept. Consult your browser settings and follow the instructions to control cookies on your device. If you remove or block cookies, you may not be able to use or access certain features of this website.

We use the information collected through this website to:

Communicate with you about products, services, career opportunities, and events that you have inquired about or that may be of interest;

Respond to your inquiries and requests;

Enhance and improve the website, content and user experience; and

Better understand your preferences.

If you no longer wish to receive marketing communications from us, you can send an email or use the opt-out mechanism provided in commercial e-mail messages that you receive from us.

We may share your personal information with select service providers who help us fulfill your requests. For example, your personal information may be shared with third parties that provide e-mail transmission or analytics and event management services and with third parties that maintain, improve, and deliver this website and the content on this site. We may also share your personal information with third parties (i) with your consent, (ii) to safeguard the website, intellectual property, users, or the rights of third parties, (iii) to investigate violations of our Terms of Use, (iv) as required by law or in response to a court order or legal request, or (v) in connection with a merger, acquisition, or transfer of assets.

If you visit this website from outside of the United States, your information will be transferred to and stored on servers in the United States. By visiting this website, you consent to the transfer of your information to, and the collection, processing, and storage of your information in, the United States.

We strive to employ reasonable security measures to protect your personal information from loss, alteration, and unauthorized disclosure or use. Users are warned, however, that the Internet is not a 100% secure medium, and we do not guarantee that our security measures are failsafe.

Subject to local law, you may have the right to request access to, correction of, and/or deletion of personal information we hold about you. Pleaseto update or correct your information or to request access to or deletion of your personal information. We may require additional information from you to verify your identity before disclosing any personal information to you.

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time; provided, however, that we will not retroactively change how we handle your personal information without your consent. Please check back periodically for any changes we may make to this Privacy Policy, as your continued use of this website following the posting of any changes means that you accept such changes.

Should you have any questions about our privacy practices, please contact us by mail or e-mail using the information provided below.

Please note that if you are not a client, we may not be able to treat the information you send us as confidential or privileged.

Xbox One online safety and privacy settings

Xbox One has age-appropriate controls and settings that you can adjust to suit your familys needs. Access these settings from either Xbox.com or an Xbox One consolethough you can only change content and app settings from the console.

If youve forgotten your account email address or password, see theLost Account Solutionor theLost Password Solution.

Due to the secure nature of these settings, you may be asked to enter a security code that well send to the alternate phone number or email address previously saved to your account.

Select the account you want to look at.

Review the settings currently in place and update those you want to change.

Save your changes on each tab before moving on to the next.

Change privacy and safety settings for you or a child

Sign in to your Xbox. (If youre changing the settings for a child, sign in using an adults account.)

Choose a default, or customize your settings by selecting

Enter your password or passkey, and then select the account you want to update.

, and then choose the default settings, or customize by selecting

When you download apps from Microsoft Store, each app requires permission to access data from your console.

Settings Privacy & online safety App privacy

Choose from the list what youd like to give permission for by selecting the check boxes.

If youre signed in with a child account, youll need your parent to sign in and give permission for apps to access your data.

Select the child account youd like to manage, and go to

Privacy & online safety App privacy

If multiple gamers are signed in, apps can only access data everyone has given permission for.

When you give apps permission on a console, its only saved on that console. If you use multiple consoles, make sure you give your apps permission on all your consoles.

For specific info about changing the privacy settings for the camera, location, and speech on your Xbox One, see:

If youre having issues changing the online safety or privacy settings, seeTroubleshoot changing online safety or privacy settings on Xbox One.

Privacy and Cookies Statements

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Beazley Insurance Company, Inc. and Beazley USA Services, Inc. (collectively, Beazley, we or our) value your privacy and are committed to protecting your personal information. In this Privacy Statement (Statement), we describe the personal information that we collect from you when you visit our website, Site) or use any of the services available through our Site (the Services). To review the privacy statement that applies to Beazley Group US accident and health insurance products please visit theUS Health privacy statement page.

By visiting this Site or using the Services, you agree that your personal information will be handled as described in this Statement, which incorporates by reference the Website Conditions of Use, available at applicable limitations on liability and damages.

When you visit our Site or use our Services we collect certain information about you directly from you, from your activities on our Site, and from third parties.

In order to access certain areas of the Site, or certain information or Services, you are required to register with us. If you create an account with us, we may collect your name, company name, email address, and the first six digits of your policy number, as well as a user name and password.

The Site provides the ability for online claims notification by a user. Information collected includes insured name, name of person completing the form along with their phone number and email address, policy number and date and description of the alleged event. The user can also upload supporting documentation. This information is emailed hich is handled internally within Beazley a, a third party provider who provides claim management services.

From time to time, we may invite Site visitors to participate in an online survey about our Services. Participation is entirely optional and any information we collect is only used to improve the products and services we offer. As part of the surveys, we may collect your name, company and email address.

Information we collect automatically

When you visit the Site, our server will automatically record your IP (which can be used to identify your domain), the date, time and duration of your visit, and any information you provide by filling in forms on any of our websites. An IP address is an assigned number, similar to a telephone number, which allows your computer to communicate over the Internet. We may also collect personal user tracking information captured via online registration forms. We use IP addresses and personal user tracking information to analyze trends, administer our website, track general user movements, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use, and may use more detailed user information gathered via online registration forms for additional marketing purposes.

Most email, including any email functionality on our site, does not provide a completely secure and confidential means of communication. It is possible that your email communication may be accessed or viewed inappropriately by another Internet user while in transit. If you wish to keep your information completely private, you should not use email.

In general, we use the information we collect from you, including any personal information, for the following purposes:

To process your claims or other requests

To respond to your requests or inquiries, to provide troubleshooting and technical support, and for other customer service purposes

To inform you about other products or services we think may interest you

To better understand how users access our Site and use our products and services

To enhance your experience on the Site and to improve our products and services

To protect the security or integrity of the Site and our business, including investigating, preventing or taking action regarding illegal activities, suspected fraud, and situations involving potential threats to the safety, rights or property of any person or party or violations of our Website Conditions of Use or this Privacy Statement.

Notwithstanding the above, we may use aggregate or de-identified information about users for marketing, advertising, research or other purposes.

We do not sell or disclose the personal information we collect through the Site to third parties for their own marketing purposes. However, we may, without your permission, disclose your personal information under the following circumstances:

If we are acquired by or merged with another company, if substantially all of our assets are transferred to another company, or as part of a bankruptcy proceeding.

Where we believe it is necessary to investigate, prevent or take action regarding illegal activities, suspected fraud, situations involving potential threats to the safety of any person or violations of our Website Conditions of Use or this Privacy Statement, or in legal proceedings involving Beazley or its affiliated companies.

Notwithstanding the above, we may share aggregate or de-identified information about users with third parties for marketing, advertising, research or similar purposes.

When you interact with the Site, we strive to make your experience easy and meaningful. We may use or engage others to use cookies and other technologies to track user activity, collect site data, and administer our Site. We do not combine this data with the personal information we have collected about you.

Cookies are small text files that are placed on your computer by websites that you visit. They are widely used in order to make websites work, or work more efficiently, as well as to provide information to the owners of the site.

We use cookies on our websites so that we can track how users navigate through our sites, and in order to enable us to evaluate and improve our sites. We use this information to compile statistical data on the use of our websites, but the information obtained is used on an anonymous, aggregated basis and you cannot be identified from this. Cookies cannot look into your computer and obtain information about you or your family or read any material kept on your hard drive and cookies cannot be used to identify who you are.

We may also use a cookie to learn whether someone who saw an ad later visited and took an action (e.g. downloaded a white paper or made a purchase) and may use a cookie to determine whether weve shown an ad and how it performed, or provide us with information about how you interact with ads. Cookies and other ad technology such as pixels and tags help us serve relevant ads to you more effectively. They also help us provide aggregated auditing, research, and reporting for advertisers, understand and improve our service, and know when content has been shown to you .

You are not obliged to accept a cookie that we send to you and you can in fact modify your browser so that it will not accept cookies. However, if you select this setting you may be unable to access certain parts of our site.

There are two types of cookies: session-based and persistent-based cookies. In addition, we may permit certain third party cookies to be placed on our Site.

Session cookies exist only during an online session. They disappear from your computer when you close your browser or turn off your computer. We use session cookies to allow our systems to uniquely identify you while you are logged in to the Site.

Persistent cookies remain on your computer after you have closed your browser or turned off your computer. We use persistent cookies to track aggregate and statistical information about user activity.

We may also engage third parties, such as WebTrends and Google Analytics, to track and analyze non-personally identifiable site data. We use the data collected by such third parties to help us administer and improve the quality of the Site and to analyze usage. We do not provide these third parties with any personal information that we have collected about you. However, we do not have access to or control over these third party cookies nor does this Privacy Statement cover such third parties use of data.

Most web browsers automatically accept cookies, but if you prefer, you can edit your browser options to block them in future. The Help portion of the toolbar on most browsers will tell you how to prevent your computer from accepting new cookies, how to have the browser notify you when you receive a new cookie, or how to disable cookies altogether; you may also visit information on disabling cookies. Certain Site features will not function if you disable cookies.

We use automated devices and applications, such as WebTrends and Google Analytics or other means, to evaluate usage of our Site and Services. We use these tools to help us improve our Site and Services, performance, product and services, and user experiences. We do not share your personal information with these third parties.

We have implemented commercially reasonable precautions, including, where appropriate, password protection and access controls, and SSL encryption to protect our Site, and the information we collect, from loss, misuse, and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, and destruction. Please be aware that despite our best efforts, no data security measures can guarantee 100% security all of the time.

The Site may contain links to other websites, including third party websites and other websites operated by Beazley or its affiliates. This Privacy Statement applies only to information collected through this Site. We encourage you to review the privacy statements of each site you visit. We are not responsible for the privacy practices of other third-party sites.

We may send promotional and informational emails to you. You may opt-out of such communications by following the opt-out instructions contained in the promotional and informational e-mail. Please note that it may take up to 10 business days for us to process opt-out requests. If you opt-out of receiving promotional emails, we may still send you e-mails about your account, claims or any services you have requested or received from us.

If you have any questions about privacy or this Privacy Statement or would like to make a complaint, please contact us at .

This Privacy Statement is effective March 1, 2013.

We may amend this Privacy Statement at any time. Any changes to this Privacy Statement will be posted here, so please check this page regularly and make sure to also check the effective date, set forth above. All amended terms are effective immediately.

Data Privacy and Cookie Policy

GDPR (General Data Protection Regulations – EEC) as of 25th May 2018.

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) replaces the 1995 EU Data Protection Directive, strengthening the rights that EU individuals have over their data, and creating a uniform data protection law across Europe.Patrick Arundell Astrology m)will comply with applicable GDPR regulations as a data controller when they take effect on 25th May 2018.

Here atPatrick Arundell Astrology (patrickarundell.com)we take your privacy seriously and will only use your personal information to provide the products and services you have requested from us.

The law on data protection sets out a number of different reasons for which a company may collect and process your personal data.

We will send you information but only with your specific consent, when you tick to opt in to our (for example) Weekly Astrology Overview and Daily Horoscopes. Pleaseclick hereto see ourSubscribe Page.

We at Patrick Arundell Astrology (patrickarundell.com)DO NOTsell or share your personal information to any third party or business.

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We at Patrick Arundell Astrology (patrickarundell.com)DO NOTshare your personal information with any other parties, promotion or business.

Like other websites, we use cookies for certain parts of the site.

What is a Cookie and what do they do?A cookie is a small text file stored on your computer by your web browser.

Cookies can have many different tasks on the internet we use them for…

We use Googles analytics to monitor how visitors move around our site and how visitors reached it. This is used so that we can see figures on which types of contentvisitorsuse most and how long they stayed. You can opt out of these if you want at:

Social networks, video and other services we offer are run by other companies. These companies may drop cookies on your computer when you use them or if you are already logged in to them.

Registration cookies:when you register with one of our services, we generate cookies that let us know whether you are signed in or not. Our servers use these cookies to work out which account you are signed in with, and load specific information relevant to you and your needs.

Anonymous analytics cookies:every time someone visits our website, partner services or software provided by another organisation generates an anonymous analytics cookie. These cookies can tell us whether or not you have visited the site before. Your browser will tell us if you have these cookies and, if you dont, we generate new ones. This allows us to track how many individual users we have, and how often they visit the site. We use these cookies to gather statistics, for example, the number of visits to a page.

Third party cookies:on some pages of our website, other organisations may also set their own anonymous cookies. They do this to track the success of their application, or to customise the application for you. Because of how cookies work, our website cannot access these cookies, nor can the other organisation access the data in cookies we use on our website. For example, when you share a page using a social-media sharing button (Facebook, Twitter or Google+) on our site, the social network that has created the button will record that you have done this.

Advertisements on the Website are provided by other organisations. Our advertising partners will serve advertisements that they believe are most likely to be of interest to you, based on information about your visit to the Website and other websites. In order to do this, our advertising partner may need to place a cookie on your computer. These cookies hold information about the computer – they dont hold personal information about you (ie its not linked to you as an individual).

For more information about this type of online behavioural advertising, about cookies, and about how to turn this feature off, please visit

Please note that turning off advertising cookies wont mean that you are not served any advertising merely that it will not be tailored to your interests.

It is usually possible to stop your browser accepting cookies, or to stop it accepting cookies from a particular website. However, we cannot tell if you are signed in without using cookies, so you would not be able to acccess your birth profiles of celebrities favourites.

All modern browsers allow you to change your cookie settings. You can usually find these settings in the Options or Preferences menu of your browser. To understand these settings, the following links may be helpful, or you can use the Help option in your browser for more details.

Here is a list of useful sites that you can find out more about specific services that we may use and their use of cookies:

YouTube video player cookie policy: standard terms).

Patrick Arundell Astrology (patrickarundell.com) collects IP address data regarding visitors to the web site. The IP address does not reveal any personally identifiable information about the visitor other than the IP address from which they have accessed our site.

Patrick Arundell Astrology (patrickarundell.com) may use this information to gather statistics or to initiate future improvements to the site but will NOT share this information with third parties at anytime.

Patrick Arundell Astrology (patrickarundell.com) web servers do not record personally identifiable information about the visitor.

In addition to log data, we collect information about the device youre using to access our website, including the type of device and the operating system to help give a better experience when visiting the site.

Whether we collect some or all of this information often depends on what type of device youre using and its settings. For example, different types of information are available depending on whether youre using a Mac, a PC, an iPhone or Android based device. To learn more about what information your device makes available to us, please check the policies of your device manufacturer or software provider.

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Whats A Cookie What Does It Have To Do With My Privacy? [MakeUseOf Explains]

Whats A Cookie What Does It Have To Do With My Privacy? [MakeUseOf Explains]

Most people know that there are cookies scattered all over the Internet, ready and willing to be eaten up by whoever can find them first. Wait, what? That cant be right. Yes, there are cookies on the Internet (technically, the World Wide Web), and yes, they really are called cookies. But they arent delicious and they can affect your privacy, so you should know what they do.

Whether youre browsing Google search results, logging into Facebook, or just innocently chatting away on an online forum, youve encountered cookies. They arent inherently harmful but, just like passwords or email addresses, they can be exploited when placed in the wrong hands. Keep reading to learn how you can protect yourself.

In simple terms, cookies are just files that reside on your computer. Cookies are created when you visit a website. They are used to store bits of information about your interactions with the website, which the web server can use later when processing your sessions. The cookie is specific to you and it can be read by the web server (when interacting with it) or by programs on your computer.

To be technical, your browser is the program that mediates cookie control between your computer and the website. These cookies used by a website to present different types of content depending on who you are in relation to that website. Cookies can expire after a given time period (usually determined by the website issuing the cookie), but if necessary, they can be manually deleted.

Why are cookies used? Because theyre convenient and efficient. If a website wants to service thousands of users without cookies, it would have to store all of that interaction data in its own storage and it would have to be processed on its own. By offloading that work to the user, it becomes a faster and less strenuous procedure.

What are cookies used for? One reason for a cookie is to identify you. If you log in to a website and close your browser, then open it back up, the website knows its you because that cookie exists (it was created when you logged in). Cookies can store all sorts of information, like your preferences, your browser type, your location, etc. and this information can be used to better your experience.

For the most part, cookies are NOT harmful. Theyre just another protocol used on the Internet to facilitate communication between users and servers. Worried about viruses and malware? You can relax. Cookies cannot carry viruses or malware, nor can they transfer such things to other users.

Cookies are a necessary part of the Internet experience and they shouldnt be feared. For example, deleting your cookies will log you out of sites like MakeUseOf and Facebook. If you like convenience and personalization, then you should learn to embrace cookies.

The worst possible scenario would be the interception or forgery of one of your cookies, which would allow another user to impersonate you on some website. This could result in them eavesdropping on your user data OR hijacking your account credentials. However, dont be too alarmed. Cookie security mostly depends on the website and your browser; a cookie encryption feature, for example, can help protect you from hackers.

A more prevalent issue is a specific type of cookie called the tracking cookie. These cookies arent used to better your experience. Instead, they keep track of all of your actions on certain websites. These can be used to build browsing history profiles, which can be used to target specific ads to you. This is where invasion of privacy comes in.

Heres what you need to know about cookie privacy: they cannot know any information that you dont personally provide. In other words, just because a website has a cookie on you doesnt mean that they know everyone in your family and which schools youve attendedunless you entered that information to the website.

The biggest problem with tracking cookies is that an advertising agency can view your browsing history (since thats what they use to target ads relevant to your interests). You can prevent them from doing this, of course, by playing with your browser settings and disabling cookies.

If you dont want to disable ALL cookies (which would keep you from enjoying the legitimate features on legitimate websites), certain browsers let you disable specific cookies from certain domains. Some more advanced browsers let you synchronize with black lists; these are maintained by people or communities to keep out domains with shady cookie practices.

Ultimately, when it comes to cookie privacy, its all about trust. Do you trust that website to log every interaction? Read their privacy policy and terms of usetheyre usually linked on the website near the header or footer. If you dont trust them, you can always wipe your cookies later.

Want to test a websites cookie integrity? TryCookie Checker. Want to see what sort of cookies are on your computer and what websites are tracking with those cookies? TryCookie Spy.

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Nice article but i think miss to mention Flash cookies.

I like to use the Private Browsing feature that most browsers offer when I dont want cookies.

Private Browsing (Incognito in Chrome) is actually very useful for this. Whenever I log onto Facebook or Gmail on a friends computer, I always enter Private mode so no cookies are ever saved. Im sure it has many more applications than that!

Thanks for simplifying this subject.

I only like to visit good quality sites.I remove cookies as they might give troubles in page loading and performance of a browser can get a hit after ending a session.

If i am not deleting the cookie so could hack my account from other PC or laptop ?

If I understand your question properly then no you cannot get hacked from cookies.

I would suggest you read Joels article again so that you can understand what they are.

Can sites read/access cookies other than their own?

Google Chromes delete cookies wont delete flash cookies. Neither will CCleaner.

Can someone do a write up on Flash Cookies — why are they different — and why they can only be manually deleted, one by one?

If you use Firefox you can install an addon called BetterPrivacy which deletes Flash cookies everytime you close your browser.

Here you go, a bit on Flash Cookies (taken from the BetterPrivacy write up).

Some Flash-cookie (LSO) properties in short…

– they are never expiring – staying on your computer for an unlimited time.

– by default they offer a storage of 100 KB (compare: Usual cookies 4 KB).

– browsers are not fully aware of LSOs, They often cannot be displayed or managed by browsers.

– via Flash they can access and store highly specific personal and technical information (system, user name, files,…).

– ability to send the stored information to the appropriate server, without users permission.

– Flash applications do not need to be visible

– there is no easy way to tell which Flash-cookie sites are tracking you.

– shared folders allow cross-browser tracking, LSOs work in every flash-enabled application

– the Flash company doesnt provide a user-friendly way to manage LSOs, In fact its incredible cumbersome.

– many domains and tracking companies make extensive use of Flash-cookies.

This kind of cookies is not harmless.

Thanks Alan. This addon was one of the reason why I still use FF even if Chrome is on top of my list!

can cookies slowdown our system? Do all cookies self delete after a prescribed time?

Not really. Definitely not anything noticeable.

Each cookie is only a few kilobytes in size, so it would take about 2560 cookies to fill up 10mb of drive space.

The only way this would cause any slowdowns is if your drive was very fragmented, and even then you would need much more than 10mb worth of cookies to cause a lot of fragmentation.

Nice article.The cookie is really interesting issue !

Joel Lee has a BSc in Computer Science and over five years of professional writing experience. He is the Editor in Chief for MakeUseOf.

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Internet Explorer Cookies P Site Privacy Actions – Import and Expt

. Our forum is dedicated to helping you find support and solutions for any problems regarding your Windows 7 PC be it Dell, HP, Acer, Asus or a custom build. We also provide an extensive

section that covers a wide range of tips and tricks.

Internet Explorer Cookies Per Site Privacy Actions – Import and Export

How to Import and Export Internet Explorer Cookies Per Site Privacy Actions

, you can specify which websites are always or never allowed to use cookies, regardless of their privacy setting.

It can be handy to backup your Internet Explorer Per Site Privacy Actions by exporting them to a REG file so that you can use it to easily import your settings back, say after a clean install of Windows or after

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings\P3P

In the left pane, right click or press and hold on the

, then type in a name (ex: IE_Per_Site_Privacy_Actions) you want for this REG file, and click/tap on

Now move this exported REG file to where you like to keep it at as a backup of all of your personal Internet Explorer cookies Per Site Privacy Actions.

To Import Internet Explorer Cookies Per Site Privacy Actions

Double click/tap on the exported REG file (ex: IE_Per_Site_Privacy_Actions.reg) that was exported from OPTION ONE above to merge it.

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Terms Privacy and Cookies

Please read these Terms and Conditions (Terms, Terms and Conditions) carefully before using the website, digital sheet music products, subscription products and the Musicnotes mobile applications and software (together, or individually, the Service) operated by Musicnotes, Inc. (us, we, or our).

Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned upon your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who wish to access or use the Service.

By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you do not have permission to access the Service.

By creating an Account on our service, you have the option to subscribe to newsletters, marketing or promotional materials and other information we may send. You may opt out of receiving any, or all, of these communications from us by following the unsubscribe link or instructions provided in any email we send. You will still receive transactional emails when using our Service.

If you wish to purchase any product or service made available through the Service (Purchase), you may be asked to supply certain information relevant to your Purchase including, without limitation, your credit card number, the expiration date of your credit card, your billing address, and your shipping information.

You represent and warrant that: (i) you have the legal right to use any credit card(s) or other payment method(s) in connection with any Purchase; and that (ii) the information you supply to us is true, correct and complete.

The service may employ the use of third party services for the purpose of facilitating payment and the completion of Purchases. By submitting your information, you grant us the right to provide the information to these third parties subject to our Privacy Policy.

We reserve the right to refuse or cancel your order at any time for reasons including but not limited to: product or service availability, errors in the description or price of the product or service, error in your order or other reasons.

We reserve the right to refuse or cancel your order if fraud or an unauthorized or illegal transaction is suspected.

We are constantly updating product and service offerings on the Service. We may experience delays in updating information on the Service and in our advertising on other web sites. The information found on the Service may contain errors or inaccuracies and may not be complete or current. Products or services may be mispriced, described inaccurately, or unavailable on the Service and we cannot guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information found on the Service.

We therefore reserve the right to change or update information and to correct errors, inaccuracies, or omissions at any time without prior notice.

Any contests, sweepstakes or other promotions (collectively, Promotions) made available through the Service may be governed by rules that are separate from these Terms Conditions. If you participate in any Promotions, please review the applicable rules as well as our Privacy Policy. If the rules for a Promotion conflict with these Terms and Conditions, the Promotion rules will apply.

Some parts of the Service are billed on a subscription basis (Subscription(s)). You will be billed in advance on a recurring and periodic basis (Billing Cycle). Billing cycles are set either on a monthly or annual basis, depending on the type of subscription plan you select when purchasing a Subscription.

At the end of each Billing Cycle, your Subscription will automatically renew under the exact same conditions unless you cancel it or Musicnotes, Inc. cancels it. You may cancel your Subscription renewal either through your online account management page or by contacting Musicnotes, Inc. customer support team.

A valid payment method, including credit card or PayPal, is required to process the payment for your Subscription. You shall provide Musicnotes, Inc. with accurate and complete billing information including full name, and valid payment method information. By submitting such payment information, you automatically authorize Musicnotes, Inc. to charge all Subscription fees incurred through your account to any such payment instruments.

Should automatic billing fail to occur for any reason, Musicnotes, Inc. will cancel the associated subscription.

Musicnotes, Inc., in its sole discretion and at any time, may modify the Subscription fees for the Subscriptions. Any Subscription fee change will become effective at the end of the then-current Billing Cycle.

Musicnotes, Inc. will provide you with a reasonable prior notice of any change in Subscription fees to give you an opportunity to terminate your Subscription before such change becomes effective.

Your continued use of the Service after the Subscription fee change comes into effect constitutes your agreement to pay the modified Subscription fee amount.

Certain refund requests for Subscriptions may be considered by Musicnotes, Inc. on a case-by-case basis and granted in sole discretion of Musicnotes, Inc..

Our Service allows you to post, link, share and otherwise make available certain information, text, or other material (Content). You are responsible for the Content that you post on or through the Service, including its legality, reliability, and appropriateness.

By posting Content on or through the Service, You represent and warrant that: (i) the Content is yours (you own it) and/or you have the right to use it and the right to grant us the rights and license as provided in these Terms, and (ii) that the posting of your Content on or through the Service does not violate the privacy rights, publicity rights, copyrights, contract rights or any other rights of any person or entity. We reserve the right to terminate the account of anyone found to be infringing on a copyright.

You retain any and all of your rights to any Content you submit, post or display on or through the Service and you are responsible for protecting those rights. We take no responsibility and assume no liability for Content you or any third party posts on or through the Service. However, by posting Content using the Service you grant us the right and license to use, modify, publicly perform, publicly display, reproduce, and distribute such Content on and through the Service. You agree that this license includes the right for us to make your Content available to other users of the Service, who may also use your Content subject to these Terms.

Musicnotes, Inc. has the right but not the obligation to monitor and edit all Content provided by users.

In addition, Content found on or through this Service are the property of Musicnotes, Inc. or used with permission. You may not distribute, modify, transmit, reuse, download, repost, copy, or use said Content, whether in whole or in part, for commercial purposes or for personal gain, without express advance written permission from us.

When you create an account with us, you guarantee that the information you provide us is accurate, complete, and current at all times. Inaccurate, incomplete, or obsolete information may result in the immediate termination of your account on the Service.

You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your account and password, including but not limited to the restriction of access to your computer and/or account. You agree to accept responsibility for any and all activities or actions that occur under your account and/or password, whether your password is with our Service or a third-party service. You must notify us immediately upon becoming aware of any breach of security or unauthorized use of your account.

You may not use as a username the name of another person or entity or that is not lawfully available for use, a name or trademark that is subject to any rights of another person or entity other than you, without appropriate authorization. You may not use as a username any name that is offensive, vulgar or obscene.

We reserve the right to refuse service, terminate accounts, remove or edit content, or cancel orders in our sole discretion.

We respect the intellectual property rights of others. It is our policy to respond to any claim that Content posted on the Service infringes on the copyright or other intellectual property rights (Infringement) of any person or entity.

If you are a copyright owner, or authorized on behalf of one, and you believe that the copyrighted work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please submit your claim via email to , with the subject line: Copyright Infringement and include in your claim a detailed description of the alleged Infringement as detailed below, under DMCA Notice and Procedure for Copyright Infringement Claims

You may be held accountable for damages (including costs and attorneys fees) for misrepresentation or bad-faith claims on the infringement of any Content found on and/or through the Service on your copyright.

You may submit a notification pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) by providing our Copyright Agent with the following information in writing (see 17 U.S.C 512(c)(3) for further detail):

An electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyrights interest

A description of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed, including the URL (i.e., web page address) of the location where the copyrighted work exists or a copy of the copyrighted work

Identification of the URL or other specific location on the Service where the material that you claim is infringing is located

Your address, telephone number, and email address

A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law

A statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your notice is accurate and that you are the copyright owner or authorized to act on the copyright owners behalf

You can contact our Copyright Agent via email at

The Service and its original content (excluding Content provided by users), features and functionality are and will remain the exclusive property of Musicnotes, Inc. and its licensors. The Service is protected by copyright, trademark, and other laws of both the United States and foreign countries. Our trademarks and trade dress may not be used in connection with any product or service without the prior written consent of Musicnotes, Inc..

Our Service may contain links to third party web sites or services that are not owned or controlled by Musicnotes, Inc.

Musicnotes, Inc. has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. We do not warrant the offerings of any of these entities/individuals or their websites.

You acknowledge and agree that Musicnotes, Inc. shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such third party web sites or services.

We strongly advise you to read the terms and conditions and privacy policies of any third party web sites or services that you visit.

We may terminate or suspend your account and bar access to the Service immediately, without prior notice or liability, under our sole discretion, for any reason whatsoever and without limitation, including but not limited to a breach of the Terms.

If you wish to terminate use of your account, you may simply discontinue using the Service.

All provisions of the Terms which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.

You agree to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Musicnotes, Inc. and its licensee and licensors, and their employees, contractors, agents, officers and directors, from and against any and all claims, damages, obligations, losses, liabilities, costs or debt, and expenses (including but not limited to attorneys fees), resulting from or arising out of a) your use and access of the Service, by you or any person using your account and password; b) a breach of these Terms, or c) Content posted on the Service.

In no event shall Musicnotes, Inc., nor its directors, employees, partners, agents, suppliers, or affiliates, be liable for any indirect, incidental, special, consequential or punitive damages, including without limitation, loss of profits, data, use, goodwill, or other intangible losses, resulting from (i) your access to or use of or inability to access or use the Service; (ii) any conduct or content of any third party on the Service; (iii) any content obtained from the Service; and (iv) unauthorized access, use or alteration of your transmissions or content, whether based on warranty, contract, tort (including negligence) or any other legal theory, whether or not we have been informed of the possibility of such damage, and even if a remedy set forth herein is found to have failed of its essential purpose.

Your use of the Service is at your sole risk. The Service is provided on an AS IS and AS AVAILABLE basis. The Service is provided without warranties of any kind, whether express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, non-infringement or course of performance.

Musicnotes, Inc. its subsidiaries, affiliates, and its licensors do not warrant that a) the Service will function uninterrupted, secure or available at any particular time or location; b) any errors or defects will be corrected; c) the Service is free of viruses or other harmful components; or d) the results of using the Service will meet your requirements.

Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion of certain warranties or the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages, so the limitations above may not apply to you.

These Terms shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of Wisconsin, United States, without regard to its conflict of law provisions.

Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable by a court, the remaining provisions of these Terms will remain in effect. These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have had between us regarding the Service.

We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms at any time.

By continuing to access or use our Service after any revisions become effective, you agree to be bound by the revised terms. If you do not agree to the new terms, you are no longer authorized to use the Service.

If you have any questions about these Terms, pleasecontact us.

Musicnotes, Inc. (us, we, or our) operates the website and the Musicnotes mobile applications and software (the Service).

This page informs you of our policies regarding the collection, use, and disclosure of personal data when you use our Service and the choices you have associated with that data.

We use your data to provide and improve the Service. By using the Service, you agree to the collection and use of information in accordance with this policy. Unless otherwise defined in this Privacy Policy, terms used in this Privacy Policy have the same meanings as in our Terms and Conditions.

Service means the website, digital sheet music products, subscription products and the Musicnotes mobile applications and software operated by Musicnotes, Inc.

Personal Data means data about a living individual who can be identified from those data (or from those and other information either in our possession or likely to come into our possession).

Usage Data is data collected automatically either generated by the use of the Service or from the Service infrastructure itself (for example, the duration of a page visit).

Cookies are small pieces of data stored on your device (computer or mobile device).

Data Controller means the natural or legal person who (either alone or jointly or in common with other persons) determines the purposes for which and the manner in which any personal information are, or are to be, processed.

For the purpose of this Privacy Policy, we are a Data Controller of your Personal Data.

Data Processor (or Service Provider) means any natural or legal person who processes the data on behalf of the Data Controller.

We may use the services of various Service Providers in order to process your data more effectively.

Data Subject is any living individual who is using our Service and is the subject of Personal Data.

We collect several different types of information for various purposes to provide and improve our Service to you.

While using our Service, we may ask you to provide us with certain personally identifiable information that can be used to contact or identify you (Personal Data). Personally identifiable information includes:

Address, State, Province, ZIP/Postal code, City, Country

Any data you provide in your Musicnotes Account Preferences such as birthday, preferred instruments, preferred musical styles, if you play in a music group, if you are a teacher, and your gender.

We may use your Personal Data to contact you with newsletters, marketing or promotional materials and other information that may be of interest to you. You may opt out of receiving any, or all, of these communications from us by following the unsubscribe link or instructions provided in any email we send or by contacting us. You will still receive transactional emails when using our Service.

We may also collect information that your browser sends whenever you visit our Service or when you access the Service by or through a mobile device (Usage Data).

This Usage Data may include information such as your computers Internet Protocol address (e.g. IP address), browser type, browser version, the pages of our Service that you visit, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.

When you access the Service by or through a mobile device, this Usage Data may include information such as the type of mobile device you use, your mobile device unique ID, the IP address of your mobile device, your mobile operating system, the type of mobile Internet browser you use, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.

We use your IP address to determine the country in which you are using our Service for sheet music licensing purposes.

We use cookies and similar tracking technologies to track the activity on our Service and hold certain information.

Cookies are files with small amount of data which may include an anonymous unique identifier. Cookies are sent to your browser from a website and stored on your device. Tracking technologies also used are beacons, tags, and scripts to collect and track information and to improve and analyze our Service.

You can instruct your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. However, if you do not accept cookies, you will not be able to use some portions of our Service, including purchasing digital sheet music products.

We use Session Cookies to operate our Service.

We use Preference Cookies to remember your preferences and various settings.

We use Security Cookies for security purposes.

Advertising Cookies are used to serve you with advertisements that may be relevant to you and your interests.

Musicnotes, Inc. uses the collected data for various purposes:

To provide and maintain our Service

To notify you about changes to our Service

To allow you to participate in interactive features of our Service when you choose to do so

To gather analysis or valuable information so that we can improve our Service

To monitor the usage of our Service

To detect, prevent and address technical issues

To provide you with news, special offers and general information about other goods, services and events which we offer that are similar to those that you have already purchased or enquired about unless you have opted not to receive such information

Musicnotes, Inc. will retain your Personal Data only for as long as is necessary for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. We will retain and use your Personal Data to the extent necessary to comply with our legal obligations (for example, if we are required to retain your data to comply with applicable laws), resolve disputes, and enforce our legal agreements and policies.

Musicnotes, Inc. will also retain Usage Data for internal analysis purposes. Usage Data is generally retained for a shorter period of time, except when this data is used to strengthen the security or to improve the functionality of our Service, or we are legally obligated to retain this data for longer time periods.

Your information, including Personal Data, may be transferred to and maintained on computers located outside of your state, province, country or other governmental jurisdiction where the data protection laws may differ than those from your jurisdiction.

If you are located outside United States and choose to provide information to us, please note that we transfer the data, including Personal Data, to United States and process it there.

Musicnotes, Inc. will take all steps reasonably necessary to ensure that your data is treated securely and in accordance with this Privacy Policy and no transfer of your Personal Data will take place to an organization or a country unless there are adequate controls in place including the security of your data and other personal information.

Under certain circumstances, Musicnotes, Inc. may be required to disclose your Personal Data if required to do so by law or in response to valid requests by public authorities (e.g. a court or a government agency).

Musicnotes, Inc. may disclose your Personal Data in the good faith belief that such action is necessary to:

To protect and defend the rights or property of Musicnotes, Inc.

To prevent or investigate possible wrongdoing in connection with the Service

To protect the personal safety of users of the Service or the public

The security of your data is important to us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While we strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Data, we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

We do not support Do Not Track (DNT). Do Not Track is a preference you can set in your web browser to inform websites that you do not want to be tracked.

You can enable or disable Do Not Track by visiting the Preferences or Settings page of your web browser.

We may employ third party companies and individuals to facilitate our Service (Service Providers), to provide the Service on our behalf, to perform Service-related services or to assist us in analyzing how our Service is used.

These third parties may have access to your Personal Data only to perform these tasks on our behalf and are obligated not to disclose or use it for any other purpose.

We may use third-party Service Providers to monitor and analyze the use of our Service.

Google Analytics is a web analytics service offered by Google that tracks and reports website traffic. Google uses the data collected to track and monitor the use of our Service. This data is shared with other Google services. Google may use the collected data to contextualize and personalize the ads of its own advertising network.

For more information on the privacy practices of Google, please visit the Google Privacy Terms web page:

We may use third-party Service Providers to show advertisements to you to help support and maintain our Service.

Google, as a third party vendor, uses cookies to serve ads on our Service. Googles use of the DoubleClick cookie enables it and its partners to serve ads to our users based on their visit to our Service or other websites on the Internet.

You may opt out of the use of the DoubleClick Cookie for interest-based advertising by visiting the Google Ads Settings web page:

Musicnotes, Inc. uses remarketing services to advertise on third party websites to you after you visited our Service. We and our third-party vendors use cookies to inform, optimize and serve ads based on your past visits to our Service.

Google AdWords remarketing service is provided by Google Inc.

You can opt-out of Google Analytics for Display Advertising and customize the Google Display Network ads by visiting the Google Ads Settings page:

Google also recommends installing the Google Analytics Opt-out Browser Add-on – for your web browser. Google Analytics Opt-out Browser Add-on provides visitors with the ability to prevent their data from being collected and used by Google Analytics.

For more information on the privacy practices of Google, please visit the Google Privacy Terms web page:

Twitter remarketing service is provided by Twitter Inc.

You can opt-out from Twitters interest-based ads by following their instructions:

You can learn more about the privacy practices and policies of Twitter by visiting their Privacy Policy page:

Facebook remarketing service is provided by Facebook Inc.

You can learn more about interest-based advertising from Facebook by visiting this page:

To opt-out from Facebooks interest-based ads follow these instructions from Facebook:

Facebook adheres to the Self-Regulatory Principles for Online Behavioral Advertising established by the Digital Advertising Alliance. You can also opt-out from Facebook and other participating companies through the Digital Advertising Alliance in the USA the Digital Advertising Alliance of Canada in Canada the European Interactive Digital Advertising Alliance in Europe or opt-out using your mobile device settings.

For more information on the privacy practices of Facebook, please visit Facebooks Data Policy:

Pinterest remarketing service is provided by Pinterest Inc.

You can opt-out from Pinterests interest-based ads by enabling the Do Not Track functionality of your web browser or by following Pinterest instructions:

You can learn more about the privacy practices and policies of Pinterest by visiting their Privacy Policy page:

We may provide paid products and/or services within the Service. In that case, we use third-party services for payment processing (e.g. payment processors).

We will not store or collect your payment card details. That information is provided directly to our third-party payment processors whose use of your personal information is governed by their Privacy Policy. These payment processors adhere to the standards set by PCI-DSS as managed by the PCI Security Standards Council, which is a joint effort of brands like Visa, Mastercard, American Express and Discover. PCI-DSS requirements help ensure the secure handling of payment information.

The payment processors we work with are:

Their Privacy Policy can be viewed at

Their Privacy Policy can be viewed at

Our Service may contain links to other sites that are not operated by us. If you click on a third party link, you will be directed to that third partys site. We strongly advise you to review the Privacy Policy of every site you visit.

We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies or practices of any third party sites or services.

Our Service does not address anyone under the age of 18 (Children).

We do not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from anyone under the age of 18. If you are a parent or guardian and you are aware that your Children has provided us with Personal Data, pleasecontact us. If we become aware that we have collected Personal Data from children without verification of parental consent, we take steps to remove that information from our servers.

We may update our Privacy Policy from time to time. If you are subscribed to our marketing emails, we will notify you of any changes to this Privacy Policy through our newsletter, otherwise check this page for updates.

You are advised to review this Privacy Policy periodically for any changes. Changes to this Privacy Policy are effective when they are posted on this page.

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, pleasecontact us.

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Musicnotes, Inc. (us, we, or our) uses cookies on the website and the Musicnotes mobile application (the Service). By using the Service, you consent to the use of cookies.

Our Cookies Policy explains what cookies are, how we use cookies, how third-parties we may partner with may use cookies on the Service, your choices regarding cookies and further information about cookies.

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How to write a website Privacy Policy

In this article you will find information about:

A privacy policy is a document telling visitors to your site what information you collect and what you do with that information.  Very simply: it is a short explanation of what you are doing to observe visitors to your website.

Information to include in a Cookie Specific Privacy Policy:

How to reject / delete / accept cookies

Explain there are no harmful technical consequences/risks

Two good reasons to develop a privacy policy for website

Create a better electronic environment on the internet

Laws / legislation may pertain to your business

By letting people know what info is collected and what is done with that information, you can create a transparent environment in which people / consumers are more confident. You can eliminate stress and concerns about abuse of personal info.

Various legislations and legal guidelines, for example in the US and in the UK, are being developed and may affect your website, depending on what information you collect, how you do it, and what you do with it. The European Union has developed similar guidelines that contain a bit too much legal rhetoric to be completely useful.See resource list below for reference websites.

Your policy should be written in plain readable language. Consider the policy to be a part of your site. Design the policy and publish it like the rest of your site. Design it as if you actually want people to read it. Make it short, friendly & intuitive. It should be easily accessible throughout your site.

collect visitor data and analyze traffic on our site. This information helps us understand customer interests and helps us improve our website. When you visit our site, the pages that you look at, and a short text file called a cookie, are downloaded to your computer. A cookie is used to store small amounts of information. This information is collected for traffic analysis only. The cookie does not contain personal details. Depending on the browser that you use, you can set your preferences to block/ refuse cookies, and/ or notify you before they are placed. Opentracker does not sell, give, or trade the statistics they store to any 3rd parties for data-mining or marketing purposes. Please visit their privacy policy.

Tell your visitors why tracking cookies are good, why the information is beneficial, that it is used to improve websites and their content. Give an example. If you are collecting information, tell them what you do with that information. Give people an opportunity not to have their info collected, for example by blocking cookies. Explain how people can block cookies. Also explain that cookies are not harmful and cannot introduce viruses or extract personal contact information.

There is an important distinction to be made here between cookies and spyware. Spyware collects information about your surfing habits across the internet and sends this information out from your computer. Cookies collect information about your surfing habits only on the site of the provider of the cookie, in other words just on one site.

From our research it appears that most people are concerned that their personal information may be passed on. In this case, there is an important distinction to make between Two Types of Information which are collected:

Specific to concerns about cookies, the information being collected does not contain personally identifiable information. Clickstreams are used to see if people return to the same sites, and identify patterns.

When databases are combined, for example a membership & login base, with a clickstream tracking system, it is possible to combine personal information, such as an email address, with clickstreams. This is where the main cause for concern seems to lie.

The companies that do this; with the resources to combine clickstreams, past purchases, and personal information, are household names, such as , ebay, bbc, yahoo, etc.

We also recommend taking a look at the privacy policy of a company or website that you like or respect to see what information they consider to be important.

Here is a privacy policy generator where you can also find information about legislation:

Obviously there is a very real concern for a lot of people that their privacy is being abused. We would like to respond to these concerns, primarily through education, but also by opening up a dialogue on any related questions or ideas. Please feel free to write us, or post feedback on oursupport center.

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Online privacy fears are real

A 20-year-old woman stalked through the Internet and killed. Thousands of e-commerce customers watching as their credit card numbers are sold online for $1 apiece. Internet chat rooms where identities are bought, sold and traded like options on the Chicago Board of Trade. These are the horror stories dredged up by privacy advocates who say the Nets threat to personal privacy cant be dismissed as mere paranoia. And, they say, weve only seen the tip of the iceberg.

INTERNET PRIVACY is a murky, complicated issue full of conflicting interests, misinformation, innuendo and technology snafus. On the face of it, e-commerce companies and privacy advocates are locked in stalemate. Web sites want to know all they can about you; consumers generally want to share as little as possible.

Complicating matters further are criminals who break into Web sites, steal the information and use it for personal gain.

Advertising firms, who stand to gain as much as any from personal data collection, have absorbed the brunt of complaints from privacy critics. But Rick Jackson, once a marketer and now CEO of privacy technology firm Privada Inc., thinks ad firms like DoubleClick are serving as an unwitting smokescreen for the real privacy problems.

There are a lot more people tracking you than you think, Jackson said. The data world is a very powerful and lucrative marketplace with a lot of players involved. For evidence, he points to a Washington Post story that revealed that 11 pharmaceutical companies – including Pfizer Inc., SmithKline Beecham PLC, Glaxo Wellcome PLC – had formed an alliance and were tracking every click consumers made across their sites, then comparing notes. Consumers were never told.

Everybody points to advertising. Thats just the tip of the iceberg, Jackson said. We as consumers dont have any knowledge of what really goes on out there.

At its heart, the Internet privacy problem is a paradox.

The Net was born as an open research tool, and thus was never designed to allow privacy or security. But at the same time, the Net seems to offer perfect anonymity, and most users behave as if they cannot be seen. Who hasnt said or done something online which we wouldnt do in the real world?

Warnings about revealing personal information online may sound obvious, but they often go unheeded – warnings such as Dont post notes in newsgroups or chatrooms you wouldnt want your future boss – or spouse – to read. Still, spend two minutes and youll find notes from Internet users in health support groups who are shocked to discover their supposedly private discussions about prostate cancer are now full-text searchable from a Web site.

In fact, according to the Pew Internet & American Life Project, 36 percent of Net users have sought online support for health, family and mental health issues, and 24 percent of those have signed in with their real name and e-mail address. Every question theyve asked and every statement theyve made is now stored on a hard drive somewhere.

Even the experts dont have control. Jackson was a victim of identity theft earlier this year. He recouped all his financial losses, but said it was a big emotional issue for me. Somebodys out there ruining my reputation. Super cyber-sleuth Richard Smith, now chief technical officer at the non-profit Privacy Foundation, had someone run up credit card bills under his name recently, too.

They used my FAX number as the home phone number in the application and I started getting all these calls, When are you going to pay your bills? Smith said.

Most of the horror stories from the online privacy realm stem from criminals. The most dramatic involves a 20-year-old Nashua, N.H. woman named Amy Boyer who was stalked with help from the Internet and then murdered Oct. 15, 1999. The killer, who committed suicide immediately, had purchased Boyers social security number for $45 from an online information firm, according a Web site authored by Boyers step-father detailing the murder. Congressional lawmakers are now considering legislation which would make sale of social security numbers illegal, which has been dubbed Amy Boyer law.

But there are plenty of other scary tales from the world of Internet privacy. Earlier this year, a hacker posted tens of thousands of credit card numbers stolen from CD Universe on a Web site; he offered to share more for $1 apiece. Later, an MSNBC investigation revealed dozens of Internet Relay Chat rooms where stolen personal profiles – names, addresses, phone numbers, and credit card numbers – are bought, sold and traded out in the open.

But privacy concerns dont always arise from criminal activity. Privacy advocate and well-known spam fighter Ian Oxman was surprised earlier this year how easily he was able to track down the former owner of a used car he had just purchased. Oxman discovered some concealed damage to the car and wanted to learn if it had been in an accident. Armed with the cars Vehicle Identification Number, he was able to look up the original title owner through an online database on the state of Illinois Web site.

I called her up and said You dont know who I am but Im driving the car you sold. She talked to me, but at the end said, How did you find me? Oxman recalls.

Increasingly, Internet users find themselves asking someone How did you find me? The experience can change the privacy topic from a government policy issue into a highly personal problem.

A lot of people think about privacy but dont really care until something happens to them personally, said Beth Givens, director of the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. Its like freedom. You dont appreciate it until its gone. If you are a victim of identity theft, you experience a change of world view, you realize how little control you have over your world.

While most of the drama of Net privacy comes from crime, almost all the public debate has centered around Web companies collecting data for marketing purposes. Stories of companies abusing this information are actually hard to come by; most of the complaints center on what happen if the Web company were careless or ill-intentioned.

Still, even the hint that data is being collected surreptitiously can create a firestorm of bad publicity for a technology company. Both heavyweights Microsoft and Intel have been forced to turn off features which would have allowed either company to track its customers across the Internet. RealNetworks, maker of popular video software, was twice accused of surreptitiously telling its programs to phone home and tattle on users surfing habits to the firm. Mattel Interactive had to admit it embedded phone home software called Broadcast in its Reader Rabbit software. Surf Monkey, which prevents children from accessing inappropriate sites, also transmits data like user IP addresses back to its maker.

DoubleClick Inc., an advertising network which tracks users anonymously as they move around the Internet, is really the lightning rod for such criticism. It was sued earlier this year after it revealed plans to match a real-world mass mailing marketing list with its anonymous database of Internet users, which would have revealed the Web users identities. It has since backed off the plans.

And Doubleclick is hardly the only firm to land in court over privacy issues. The Federal Trade Commission sued now-bankrupt after it planned to liquidate its customer database to the highest bidder. And the Missouri state attorney general sued online drugstore m when one of his staff members was solicited by a third-party contact lens seller after registering at the Web site. More.coms privacy policy at the time said it did not share private information with third parties, a particular sticking point for privacy advocates.

This battle between consumers and e-commerce sites wages on, and at least according to one independent analyst, consumers are losing the tug of war. Economist Simon Smelt, who runs survey firm , says most privacy policies on many Web sites are slipping, meaning offering consumers less protection. In a June survey, most of the top 90 sites surveyed had polices indicating personal information would not be shipped to third parties. A follow-up survey in November revealed that most site policies now indicate firms retain the right to sell the information to outside parties, leaving the burden on consumers to opt out. In fact, only 30 percent of the 90 sites surveyed guarantee they wont sell information – and m was one of those. Smelt suggested that increasing financial pressure are leading e-commerce sites to see personal data as a resource itself.

The sense of unease consumers have about privacy online is in a sense justified, Smelt said. At the end of a day a privacy policy is really about a guarantee … and theres fewer guarantees to go around now.

While Web companies argue they need personal information to offer individualized service, privacy advocates point to surveys which show the perceived privacy invasion actually hurts business.

The National Fraud Information Center recently completed a study in which one quarter of all respondents said they hadnt purchased anything on-line in the past year because they were afraid their personal information would be misused in some way. Another study by the group shows Web users are more concerned about privacy than health care, crime, and even taxes.

But not everyone agrees the digital, online world is so fraught with peril. In fact, some argue that Internet privacy discussions are rarely placed in proper context – and that personal information is no more at risk online than offline.

Theres far less information available about people on the Net than there is about anybody who uses a credit card, said Russ Cooper, security expert. He think privacy advocates sometimes create unnecessary fear about the Internet. The guy with the database has the same access to your information whether the data is sent through Amazon online or Barnes & Noble in the physical world.

What are we afraid of when we do the same kind of stuff in the real world? We give away an awful lot of privacy in the real world on a regular basis, why is this hyped up when we talk about the Net?

But Givens, from the Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, disagrees, saying the problem from cyber-criminals is hardly 21st-century hype, since stealing digital information is so much easier than tapping phone calls or grabbing letters from a mail box. Its also much more thorough.

If you have the technical know-how youre able to capture a lot more of an individuals personal communication than you can with a wire tap or through stealing [regular] mail, Givens said. Thats why the FBIs Carnivore system, which allows agents to trap and read e-mails intended for a suspect, raises so much ire among privacy advocates.

Meanwhile, the technological Pandoras box opened by Web marketing firms also creates a series of problems unique to the digital age, Givens says.

How would you feel if you were in the mall and someone followed you around with a camera, noting every item you looked at, Givens said. Im amazed that theres this set of values out there in these companies that thinks its Okay to capture data about ones meanderings on the Web and attempt to make money off them without consent.

There is little debate that receiving uninvited communications is one of the consequences of connecting all the worlds people online. Another consequence: having your name placed in an ever-increasing number of databases that can be accessed by an ever increasing number of companies – and hackers.

But Jackson hopes companies such as Privada, which he now heads, will find a way to strike a balance between targeted sales and invasion of privacy. Privada acts as a third party which allows Web surfers to receive accurately targeted advertising pitches, while preserving the anonymity of the consumer.

But he holds no illusions that the effort to preserve privacy is easy, or sure to succeed.

Weve completely lost control over our information. Weve got to quickly do something different, he said. Do I have to worry about the fact that my 8 year old is growing up in this digital world and his life is being tracked more than any generation? If he goes for a job will they find something that happened in his teen-age years, or in his health background, and then take that job away from him? He has about 10 years to find out. The rest of us might not have quite so long.