Copyright and trademark information

U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

IBM Web site pages might contain other proprietary notices and copyright information that should be observed.

This is a current listing of United States trademarks owned by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and might also be trademarks or registered trademarks in other countries. Please note that laws concerning use and marking of trademarks or product names vary by country. Always consult a local attorney for additional guidance.

Not all common law marks used by IBM are listed on this page. Because of the large number of products marketed by IBM, IBMs practice is to list only the most important of its common law marks. Failure of a mark to appear on this page does not mean that IBM does not use the mark nor does it mean that the product is not actively marketed or is not significant within its relevant market.

Those trademarks followed by ® are registered trademarks of IBM in the United States; those followed by ™ are trademarks or common law marks of IBM in the United States.

This list is not a comprehensive list of all IBM trademarks.

Agile Command and Control Center®

BCASE: IBM Business Partner Sales Enablement App for Midsize Business®

Campaign Designer Marketing Link™

Clarity FSR™

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Cognitive Process Re-Engineering™

Commit to Meet, Deliver to Beat™

Communications System for Windows NT™

DB2 Client Application Enablers™

Distributed Relational Database Architecture™

Engaging Patients. Better Outcomes®

Enterprise Document Management System™

First Failure Support Technology™

First Failure Support Technology/2™

Geographically Dispersed Parallel Sysplex™

Global Mobile Innovators Tournament™

Global Process Management Framework™

IBM Enterprise IT Financing Facility™

IBM Factory Operations Executive™

IBM Payments Directors Gateway™

IBM Process Reference Model for IT™

IBM Public Health Solution for Disease Surveillance and Management®

IBM Resilient Incident Response Platform®

IBM Service Management Solutions™

IBM Services Reference Model for IT™

IBM Speech to Speech Translator™

IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager™

Improvement Driven Organization®

Integrated Language Environment®

Lets Build A Smarter Planet®

Managing the Worlds Infrastructure®

PASW the Predictive Analytics Company®

Processor Resource/Systems Manager™

Real-time Compression Appliance®

Scalable POWERparallel Systems®

Systems Application Architecture®

The New Era of Risk Management®

Tivoli Storage Manager FastBack®

Transforming Assets into Business Value™

Trusted Source of Network Truth®

Visibility Control Automation®

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Phytel Proactive Patient Care® and device

ResourceInteractive® word and device

Watson Large Thinking Animation™

Watson Small Thinking Animation™

IBM trademarks include the famous IBM eight-bar logo and other designs and logos owned and used by IBM, as well as IBM product and service names. IBM takes great care in the development and protection of its trademarks and reserves all rights of ownership of its trademarks.

IBM carefully limits the use of its logos. No other company may use IBM logos unless it has the express written permission of IBM, or is licensed by IBM to do so.

To obtain permission to use any IBM logo, contact your IBM representative or the IBM Call Center at 1-800-IBM4YOU (1-) and ask for Corporate Branding.

Fair use of IBM trademarks, that is, use by a third party without express permission or license, is limited to text-only references to IBM trademarks such as product and service names, and excludes IBM logos.

In such references, you must be truthful, must not disparage IBM, and must not mislead the public. You must be clear and accurate as to the nature of the relationship between IBM and your company, its products, and its services.

Following are two common types of fair use:

When you are specifically referring to IBM products. For example… IBM WebSphere software is a middleware platform.

When you are indicating that an IBM product is compatible with another product. For Examples: a) XYZ is compatible with IBM WebSphere software products; b) XYZ for IBM Lotus Notes.

Please note that the emphasis should be on your product name and any accompanying packaging produced by your company. Labeling should place emphasis on your product name so that it is perceived as an application, developed with, compatible with, or running on an IBM product.

Following are general rules for proper usage of IBM product names

The first use of each IBM product name mentioned in communications must be identified in a footnote or attribution. The attribution must be located either on the page/screen where the IBM trademark is used, or in the legal section of the communication or site in which it is referenced. Please note that laws concerning use of trademarks or product names vary by country. Always consult a local attorney for additional guidance. Example: IBM, MVS and WebSphere are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation, registered in many jurisdictions worldwide.

In the United States, the first reference in text to all IBM product names should be preceded by IBM and followed by the proper trademark symbol. The proper symbol for registered product names is ®. The proper symbol for product names which are the subject of pending applications or are used in accordance with common law trademark principles is ™. Examples: IBM® WebSphere® is the leading software platform for e-business on demand™. The IBM® MVS™ operating system … Rules for marking product names differ by country. You may need to seek guidance from a trademark professional.

A product name should be used as an adjective qualifying a noun that is a generic description of the product or service. The product name should also be used in a singular form. Example: The WebSphere software family includes over 150 products …

Do not change the form or representation of the product name, including capitalization or punctuation. Example: WebSphere®, DB2®, Lotus®, Tivoli®

Use of IBM as a company name

IBM, the 3 letters in text, is both a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation, and an abbreviation of its company name. When IBM is used to identify the company International Business Machines Corporation, it is called a trade name. Trade name usage typically applies when referring to a company as opposed to a particular product. It is permissible to use IBM as a possessive if you are referring to IBM the company. In that case the name does not identify goods or services (which are legally the domain of trademarks).

Do not omit a footnote/attribution for IBM trademarks.

Do not alter the approved IBM trademark.

Do not create any new logo for IBM or IBM product names.

Do not incorporate any IBM product names into your companys product names.

Do not incorporate any IBM product names into the root domain of any Web site owned by your company.

Do not misspell or use lower case letters when using the name IBM in text.

Do not connect your company name with IBM product names.

Do not use the IBM trademark name for a product or service as a noun, or in the plural form.

Do not misspell or incorrectly capitalize IBM trademarks. Always include the letters IBM before the trademarked IBM name on the first usage.

The listed trademarks of the following companies require attribution:

Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, and the PostScript logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States, and/or other countries.

IT Infrastructure Library is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited.

ITIL is a Registered Trade Mark of AXELOS Limited.

Linear Tape-Open, LTO, the LTO Logo, Ultrium and the Ultrium Logo are registered trademarks of Hewlett Packard Enterprise, International Business Machines Corporation and Quantum Corporation in the United States and other countries.

Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both.

Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.

Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both and is used under license therefrom.

UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries.

VMware, the VMware logo, VMware Cloud Foundation, VMware Cloud Foundation Service, VMware vCenter Server, and VMware vSphere are registered trademarks or trademarks of VMware, Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other jurisdictions.

The listed trademarks of the following company require marking and attribution:

The listed trademarks of the following IBM companies require marking and attribution:

Behavioral Fingerprinting®, Connect Control Center®, Connect:Direct®, Connect:Enterprise®, Cruiser™, Data Factory™, Gentran®, Gentran:Basic®, Gentran:Control®, Gentran:Director®, Gentran:Plus®, Gentran:Realtime®, Gentran:Server®, Gentran:Viewpoint®, Mantra®, N® logo, Netezza®, NPS®, Pintail™, Skimmer®, Sterling Commerce®, Sterling Information Broker®, Sterling Integrator® and TwinFin® are trademarks or registered trademarks of IBM International Group B.V., an IBM Company.

At Your Command Continuing Education®, Banking is Business®, Batrus Hollweg International®, BHI® and device, BHI Career Management System®, BHI Talent Consulting®, BHIONLINE®, BHSELECT®, BHSELECT SR®, BrassRing®, Click and Credit®, Click and Decide®, Click and Link®, Click and Post®, Click and Report®, Click and Screen®, Click and Track®, Clickable Software, Inc.® and device, Compplanner®, E11 Index®, Equassess®, Evolution®, Genesys Customer Driven HCM®, HD 360® and device, High Definition Assessment and Selection Science®, Hot Lava Mobile®, HR Success Multiplied®, ISI Insurance Services, Inc.® and device, iXe=s®, Job SPA Employee Engagement®, Kenexa®, Kenexa 2x Assess®, Kenexa 2x BrassRing®, Kenexa 2x Mobile®, Kenexa 2x Onboard®, Kenexa 2x Perform®, Kenexa 2x Recruit®, Kenexa Careertracker®, Kenexa Customer Satisfaction Indicator Assessment®, Kenexa Engagement Indicator Assessment®, Kenexa HR Thought Leadership®, Kenexa Person-Job Fit®, Kenexa Prove It!®, Kenexa Sales Indicator Assessment®, Kenexa Survey Scorecard®, Kenexa Teamwork Indicator Assessment®, Makana®, Makana Motivator®, Making Social Work®, Management Success Indicator®, OTCI®, Outstart®, Outstart Participate®, Outstart TrainingEdge®, Pay Score®, Peoplequest®, Performance Plus®, Performance View®, Proselect®, Prove It!®, Quick Select®, Research Institute Batrushollweg®, Resume=Link®, RI Research Institute Batrushollweg® and device, Safe Security Assessment for Employees®, Sales Select®, SellingEdge®, Softsim®, SQ Service Questionnaire®, SQPlus®, Strategic Talent Life Cycle®, Survey Center®, Survey Insight®, Survey Vantage®, Talent Gauging®, Talent Manager®, Teamfit®, Touchscore®, Tracks Around the World with Barbara Hollweg® and device, Webhire®, What Do You Pay For The World?™, Workforce by Design®, and Workforcebydesign® are trademarks or registered trademarks of Kenexa, an IBM Company.

AMICAS®, Automontage®, CADstream®, Clinical Asset Management®, eClinicalOS®, eClinicalOS® and device, eFilm Workstation®, iConnect®, Lifeclinic®, Merge Healthcare®, Merge Honeycomb®, Requisite Software®, Veracity®, Vita-Stat®, and Where Smart Research Goes To Work.® are trademarks or registered trademarks of Merge Healthcare Inc., an IBM Company.

Sanovi® is a trademark or registered trademark of Sanovi, an IBM Company.

Automagic™, CDNLayer®, Challenging But Not Overwhelming™, CloudLayer®, Flex Images®, KnowledgeLayer®, RescueLayer®, SecurityLayer®, SoftLayer®, SoftLayer® device, StorageLayer®, and The Planet® are trademarks or registered trademarks of SoftLayer, Inc., an IBM Company.

LoopBack®, StrongLoop®, StrongNode™, and StrongOps™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of StrongLoop, Inc., an IBM Company.

Autobrand®, Cloud and Rainbow®device, Connect With Weather®, Daily Downpour®, Icebreaker Studios® , Rapid Fire®, Safeside®, Social®and device, The Lift™, The Weather Channel®, The Weather Channel®and device, The Weather Company®, The Weather Company®and device, The Weather Underground®, TWC®, Weather Anywhere®, Weather Bonk®, Weather Exchange®, Weather FX and device™, Weather in Motion®, Weather Insights®, Weather® logo, Weather Means Business™, Weather on Your Site®, Weather Quickie®, Weather Sticker®, Weather Underground®,®, WeatherFX®, Who is Hot?®, Wireless Weather®, WU®, WU® and device, Wunderblog®, Wunderground®,®, Wundermap®, Wunderphotos®, Wunderpoll®, Wunderradio®, and Wundersearch® are trademarks or registered trademarks of TWC Product and Technology, LLC, an IBM Company.

Trusteer Apex™, Trusteer Management Application™, Trusteer Pinpoint™, Trusteer Pinpoint Account Takeover (ATO) Detection™, Trusteer Pinpoint Malware Detection™, Trusteer Rapport Payment Card Protection Add-On™, and Trusteer Rapport Torpedo Add-On™ are trademarks or registered trademarks of Trusteer, an IBM Company.

Avcharts®, A.D.O.N.I.S. Futurecast®, Defender®, Energycast®, ESP:Live®, GLN®, Global Lightning Network®, Intellicast®, Live:Wire®, Magictrak®, Metrocast®, Metvision®, Myweather®, Pilotbrief®, Pilotbrief Vector®, Pinpoint Lightning®, Routecast®, Skytrak®, Sportswriter®, Stormsentinel®, Taps®, Truvu Max®, Weather Central®, WeatherProducer®, WSI®, WSI Inflight®, WSI Livecat Forecast®, WSI Marketfirst®, and WSI® are trademarks or registered trademarks of WSI Corporation, an IBM Company.

Xtify® is a trademark or registered trademark of Xtify, an IBM Company.